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Bothrophthalmus lineatus PETERS, 1863

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Lamprophiinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRed-Black Striped Snake 
SynonymElaphis (Bothophthalmus) lineatus SCHLEGEL 1856
Elaphis (Bothrophthalmus) lineatus – PETERS 1863
Bothrophthalmus melanozostus JAN 1863: 62
Bothrophthalmus modestus FISCHER 1886: 61
Bothrophthalmus lineatus – BOETTGER 1888
Bothrophthalmus lineatus – BOULENGER 1893: 324 (partim)
Bothrophthalmus lineatus — BOULENGER 1897: 278
Bothrophthalmus lineatus — SCHMIDT 1923: 61
Bothrophthalmus lineatus lineatus — LOVERIDGE 1938: 271
Bothrophthalmus lineatus lineatus — PITMAN 1974
Bothrophthalmus lineatus — BROADLEY 1998
Bothropthalmus lineatus — BURGER et al. 2004 (in error)
Bothrophthalmus lineatus — TRAPE & BALDÉ 2014
Bothrophthalmus lineatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 114
Bothrophthalmus lineatus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 388 
DistributionAngola, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Uganda, Nigeria, Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Gabon

Type locality: „Küste von Guinea", (= Ghana) [lineatus lineatus]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.14.1 (and possibly additional specimens). 
Diagnosis 
CommentBothrophthalmus lineatus brunneus (GÜNTHER 186 hs been elevated to species level although its status is still controversial (GOSSMANN et al. 2002, HUGHES 2000).

Distribution: not listed for Togo by Segniagbeto et al. 2012.

Type species: Elaphis (Bothophthalmus) lineatus PETERS 186 is the type species of the genus Bothrophthalmus PETERS 186. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. 
References
  • Aylmer, G. 1922. The Snakes of Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone Studies 5: 7-37
  • Boettger, O. 1888. Materialien zur Fauna des unteren Congo. II. Reptilien und Batrachier. Ber. Senck. Ges. 1887: 3-108 - get paper here
  • Bogert,C.M. 1940. Herpetological results of the Vernay Angola Expedition. I. Snakes, including an arrangement of the African Colubridae. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 77: 1-107
  • Böhme, Wolfgang, Mark-Oliver Rödel, Christian Brede & Philipp Wagner 2011. The reptiles (Testudines, Squamata, Crocodylia) of the forested southeast of the Republic Guinea (Guinée forestière), with a country-wide checklist. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 35-61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1897. A list of reptiles and batrachians from the Congo Free State, with the description of two new snakes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 19: 276-281 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, W.R. & Rödel, M.-O. 2003. Herpetological survey of the Haute Dodo and Cavally forests, western ivory Coast, Part II: Trapping, results and reptiles. Salamandra 39 (1): 21-38 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Burger, M.; Branch, W.R. & Channing, A. 2004. Amphibians and Reptiles of Monts Doudou, Gabon: Species Turnover Along an Elevational Gradient. California Academy of Sciences Memoir 28: 145–186
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Fischer, J. G. 1886. Herpetologische Notizen. Abh. Geb. Naturw. Hamb. 9: 51-67 (1-19) - get paper here
  • Gossmann, V.; Lötters, S.; Obame, F. & Böhme, W. 2002. Zur Herpetofauna Gabuns. Teil II: Kommentierte Artenliste der gefundenen Reptilien, Bemerkungen zur Artenvielfalt. Herpetofauna 24 (136): 19-33 - get paper here
  • GUMPRECHT, A. 2010. Titelbild/Das Porträt: Bothrophthalmus lineatus PETERS. Sauria 32 (4): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Günther. A. 1863. Third account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 348 - 365 - get paper here
  • Hörold, R. 2018. Hausschlangen – versteckte Vielfalt Reptilia 23 (129): 16-22
  • Hughes, B. 1983. African snake faunas. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 34: 311-356 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 2000. The African snake Bothrophthalmus lineatus (PETERS 1863). Herpetological Bulletin 74: 28-29 - get paper here
  • Hughes, B. 2013. Snakes of Bénin, West Africa. Bull. Soc. Herp. France 144: 101-159
  • Jan,G. 1863. Elenco Sistematico degli Ofidi descriti e disegnati per l'Iconografia Generale. Milano, A. Lombardi. vii + 143 pp.
  • Knoepffler, L.-P. 1966. Faune de Gabon (amphibiens et reptiles), I. Ophidiens de l’Ogooué-Ivindo et du Woleu N’tem. Biologia Gabonica II (1): 3-23
  • Loveridge, A. 1938. On a collection of reptiles and amphibians from Liberia. Proc. New England Zool. Club 17: 49-74
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  • Luiselli, L.; G.C. Akani, L.D. Otonye, J.S. Ekanem & D. Capizzi 1999. Additions to the knowledge of the natural history of Bothrophthalmus lineatus (Colubridae) from the Port Harcourt region of Nigeria. Amphibia-Reptilia 20 (3): 318-326 - get paper here
  • Luiselli, Luca. 2001. Some remarks on 'the African snake Bothrophthalmus lineatus' by B. Hughes, Herpetological bulletin No. 74, pp. 28-29. Herpetological Bulletin (77): 2-3 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
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  • Peters, W. 1863. Über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Schlangenarten des zoologischen Museums zu Berlin. Monatsb. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1863: 272-289.
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  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
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  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld,R. 1917. Reptilia und Amphibia. In: Schubotz, H. (Hrsg.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition, 1910-1911 unter Führung Adolph Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, [Band] 1, Zoologie, Lieferung 11; S. 407-510. - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H.;Weyer, Dora 1958. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Harbel, Republic of Liberia. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 38 (14): 1191-1229 - get paper here
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  • TRAPE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS & CELLOU BALDÉ 2014. A checklist of the snake fauna of Guinea, with taxonomic changes in the genera Philothamnus and Dipsadoboa (Colubridae) and a comparison with the snake fauna of some other West African countries. Zootaxa 3900 (3): 301–338
  • Ullenbruch, K.; Grell, O.; Böhme, W. 2010. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), and a country-wide checklist. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (1): 31-54 - get paper here
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  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157 - get paper here
 
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