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Bothrops ammodytoides LEYBOLD, 1873

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Yararanata
G: Yararanata 
SynonymBothrops ammodytoides LEYBOLD 1873: 80
Rhinocerophis nasus GARMAN 1881
Bothrops patagonicus MÜLLER 1885
Bothrops burmeisteri KOSLOWSKY 1895: 369
Lachesis ammodytoides — BOULENGER 1896
Bothrops ammodytoides — AMARAL 1929
Bothrops ammodytoides — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Bothrops ammodytoides — CEI 1993
Bothrops ammodytoides — WELCH 1994: 31
Bothrops ammodytoides — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 253
Rhinocerophis ammodytoides — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops ammodytoides — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Rhinocerophis ammodytoides — WALLACH et al. 2014: 648 
DistributionArgentina (Tucuman to Chubut and Patagonia, Neuquén, Rio Negro, Mendoza, La Pampa, Buenos Aires, San Juan, San Luis, La Rioja, Córdoba, Catamarca).

Type locality: Norte de Argentina  
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-2063, but unlocated fide MCDIARMID et al. 1999. 

This species might be the southernmost snake species worldwide (to 47°).

Type species: Rhinocerophis nasus GARMAN 1881 is the type species of the genus Rhinocerophis GARMAN 1881. Note, however, that Rhinocerophis has been synonymized with Bothrops by CARRASCO et al. 2012. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): The generic name Rhinocerophis is derived from the Latin Rhinoceros, meaning ‘nose-horn’, referring to the strongly upturned snout of R. ammodytoides, and ophis, meaning ‘snake’. Names ending in this suffix are masculine. 
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41: 109-124 - get paper here
  • Carrasco, P.A.; Harvey, M.B. & Muñoz Saravia, A. 2009. The rare Andean pitviper Rhinocerophis jonathani (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae): redescription with comments on its systematics and biogeography. Zootaxa 2283: 1–15 - get paper here
  • Carrasco, Paola A.; Leynaud, Gerardo C.; Scrocchi, Gustavo J 2010. Redescription of the southernmost snake species, Bothrops ammodytoides (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae). Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 323-338 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1895. Batracios y reptiles de Rioja y Catamarca. Rev. Mus. La Plata 6: 359-370 - get paper here
  • Leybold, F. 1873. Excursión a las Pampas argentinas, Hojas de mi diario Santiago, 108 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, G.J. 1997. Acerca de la localidad tipo de Bothrops ammodytoides Leybold (Serpentes, viperidae) y Pseudotomodon trigonatus (Leybold) (Serpentes: Colubridae). Cuadernos de Herpetologia 11 (1-2):69-70 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, G.J.; Moreta, J.C. & Kretzschmar, S. 2006. Serpientes del Noroeste Argento [Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero]. Fundación Miguel Lillo, Tucumán, 178 pp.
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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