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Bothrops cotiara (GOMES, 1913)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCotiara 
SynonymLachesis cotiara GOMES 1913
Bothrops cotiara — AMARAL 1925
Bothrops cotiara — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 45
Bothrops cotiara — CEI 1993
Bothrops cotiara — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops cotiara — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 260
Rhinocerophis cotiara — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops cotiara — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Rhinocerophis cotiara — WALLACH et al. 2014: 648 
DistributionNE Argentina (Misiones),
Brazil (SE Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul)

Type locality: Nucleo Colonial Cruz Machado, Marechal Mallet, Estado do Paraná, Brazil.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesLectotype: IB (= IBSP) 452 
CommentVenomous! 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41: 109-124 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Franco, F.L.; Germano, V.J. & Martão, L.R. 2005. Notas sobre o lectótipo de Bothrops cotiara (Gomes, 1913) (Serpentes, Viperidae). Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 75-78 - get paper here
  • Gomes, J.F. 1913. Uma nova cobra venenosa do Brasil. Annaes Paulistas de Medicina e Cirurgia 1 (3): 65-67
  • Hoge, A. R. 1952. Herpetologische Notizen. Farbenaberrationen bei Brasilianischen Schlangen. Memórias do Instito Butantan 24 (2): 269-270 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. & Belluomini, H.E. 1964. Notas sobre Bothrops fonsecai Hoge e Belluomini, Bothrops alternatus Duméril et Bibron e Bothrops cotiara Gomes. Mem. Inst. Butantan 30 [1960-1962]: 97-102 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. & BELLUOMINI,H.E. 1959. Uma nova espécie de Bothrops do Brasil (Serpentes). Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957/1958]: 195-206 - get paper here
  • Lema, Thales de 1960. Notas sobre os répreis do Rio Grande do Sul, V. - Sobre a espécie Bothrops cotiara e sua ocorrencia no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (Serpentes: Crotalidae). Iheringia, Série Zoologia 13: 1-10 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Salomão, M.G., W. Wüster, R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. MtDNA phylogeny of Neotropical pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 127-134
  • Tashima, Alexandre K;.Libia Sanz; Antonio C.M. Camargo; Solange M.T. Serrano; Juan J. Calvete 2008. Snake venomics of the Brazilian pitvipers Bothrops cotiara and Bothrops fonsecai. Identification of taxonomy markers. J Proteomics 7 (1): 473 – 485
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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