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Bothrops diporus COPE, 1862

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymBothrops diporus COPE 1862: 347
Bothrops diporus — BOULENGER 1886: 438
Lachesis neuwiedi BOULENGER 1896 (part.)
Lachesis neuviedi - BERG 1898
Bothrops neuwiedi meridionalis AMARAL 1930: 66 (preoccupied)
Bothrops neuwiedi diporus - COCHRAN 1961: 151
Bothrops neuwiedi diporus — HOGE 1966 [1965]: 128
Bothrops neuwiedi diporus PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 50
Bothrops neuwiedi diporus - CEI 1993
Bothrops neuwiedi diporus — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 38
Bothrops diporus — SILVA in CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004
Bothrops diporus — TRUTNAU 2008
Bothrops diporus — DA SILVA & RODRIGUES 2008
Bothropoides diporus — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops diporus — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothropoides diporus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 113 
DistributionArgentina (La Rioja, La Pampa, Cordoba, San Luis, Mendoza, Catamarca, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán, Jujuy, Salta, Formosa, Chaco, Santa Fé, Corrientes and Misiones, Rio Negro: [HR 31: 254], Neuquén [HR 34: 386]),
Brazil (São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and northwestern Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul),
Paraguay, Bolivia

Type locality: Vermejo River region, on boundary of Paraguay and Argentina. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: USNM 12380 (old USNM 5401) 
CommentVenomous!

Diagnosis - Prolonged postcephalic stripes present, a resultant coalition of the occipital blotches with the first pair of dorsolateral blotches of the trunk. Supralabials evenly pigmented or with large dark markings (covering more than 50% of the supralabial surface) more conspicuous in the anterior half of the mouth; the largest spot is exactly under the eye. The borders of the dorsolateral blotches have well defined contours. Dorsolateral blotches in the trunk: 10 to 28 (mode 21); usually triangular, wide and close to each other. 
References
  • Amaral, A. D. 1927. Studies of neotropical ophidia IV. A new form of crotalidae from Bolivia. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America 1 (1): 5-6
  • Amaral, A. D. 1932. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios do Brasil V. Uma nova raca de Bothrops neuwiedii. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7: 97-101 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1925. A general consideration of snake poisoning and observations on neotropical pitvipers. Contr. Harvard Inst. Biol. & Med. 2: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Studies of neotropical Ophidia XXV. A new race of Bothrops neuwiedi. Bull. Antiven. Inst. Amer. 4 (3): 65-67
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1937. New species of ophidians from Colombia. Compte Rendu 12th Congress Internat. Zool., Lisbon 3 [139 (141)]: 1762-1767 [1935]
  • Avila, L. J.;Moreta, J. C. 1995. Bothrops neuwiedi bolivianus Amaral. Cuadernos de Herpetología 9 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Barros, Mariano M. and Tomas Waller. 2015. Bothrops diporus (southern pitviper) diet / ophiophagy. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 443-444
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1894. List of reptiles and batachians collected by Dr. T. Bohls near Asuncion, Paraguay. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 13: 342-348 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • Cano, Paula Daniela; Héctor Alejandro Ball, Matías Federico Carpinetto, Germán Darío Peña 2015. Reptile checklist of Río Pilcomayo National Park, Formosa, Argentina. Check List 11 (3): 1658 - get paper here
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41:1–15 - get paper here
  • Cochran, Doris M. 1961. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (220): xvi + 291 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Catalogues of the reptiles obtained during the explorations of the Parana Paraguay, Vermejo and Uruguay rivers, by Capt. Thos. J. Page, U.S.N.; and of those procured by Lieut. N. Michier, U. S. Top. Eng., Commander of the expedition conducting the su Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 346-359. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Fernandes, W.; Abe, A.S. 1991. Electrophoretic Approach to the Relationships among the Subspecies of the Lancehead Bothrops neuwiedi (Serpentes,Viperidae). Zool. Anz. 226 (3/4): 195
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira and Guarino Rinaldi Colli 2006. A CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FROM AMAZONIAN SAVANNAS IN BRAZIL, HOUSED IN THE COLEÇÃO HERPETOLÓGICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASÍLIA, WITH NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORDS. Occ. Pap. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Oklahoma 17: 1-13
  • Hartmann, M. T., O. A. V. Marques and S. M. Almeida-Santos 2004. Reproductive biology of the southern Brazilian pitviper Bothrops neuwiedi pubescens (Serpentes, Viperidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (1): 77-85 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A.R. 1966. Preliminary account on Neotropical Crotalinae (Serpentes: Viperidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 32 [1965]: 109-184 - get paper here
  • Hoge, Alphonse Richard 1959. Note sur la position systematique de Trigonocephalus (Bothrops) pubescens Cope 1869. Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957-1958]: 83-84 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M. 2006. Primeros registros de Bothrops pauloensis AMARAL, 1925 (Serpentes: Viperidae) en Bolivia. Kempffiana 2 (1): 66-71 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M.; Köhler, G. & Streit, B. 2007. Die Herpetofauna Boliviens. Elaphe 15 (3): 9-10
  • Jansen, Martin 2008. Die Lanzenottern der Gattung Bothrops in Bolivien. Draco 8 (33): 50-56 - get paper here
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Lacerda, J.B. 1884. Leçons sur le venin des serpents du Brésil et sur la méthode de traitement des morsures venimeuses par le permanganate de potasse. Rio de Janeiro, Lombaerts & C., 194 pp.
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Leynaud, Gerardo C. and Enrique H. Bucher 1999. La fauna de serpientes del Chaco Sudamericano: diversidad, distribución geografica y estado de conservación. Academia Nacional de Ciencias Miscelanea (98):1-46
  • Machado, Taís, Vinícius X. Silva & Maria José de J. Silva 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within Bothrops neuwiedi group (Serpentes, Squamata): Geographically highly-structured lineages, evidence of introgressive hybridization and Neogene/Quaternary diversification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 1-14 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Minoli, I.; D.J. Álvares; L.J. Avila. 2011. New records and geographic distribution map of Bothropoides diporus Cope, 1862 (Reptilia: Viperidae). Check List 7 (5): 608-609 - get paper here
  • Miranda Ribeiro, A. de 1915. Lachesis lutzi. Arquivos do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 17: 4 - get paper here
  • Monzel, Markus & Wolfgang Wüster 2008. Neotropische Grubenottern – Evolution, Biogeographie und Ökologie. Draco 8 (33): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Müller,F. 1885. Vierter Nachtrag zum Katalog der herpetologischen Sammlung des Basler Museums. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 7: 668-717 - get paper here
  • Ocampo Ballivian, Oliver Mauricio; Fernandez, Gil Patrick 2014. Bothropoides diporus (Cope, 1862) Nuevo registro para Bolivia y ampliación en su distribución norteña Cuad. Herpetol. 28: - get paper here
  • Silva, V.X. da; Rodrigues, M.T. 2008. Taxonomic revision of the Bothrops neuwiedi complex (Serpentes, Viperidae) with description of a new species. Phyllomedusa 7 (1): 45-90 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, Ludwig 2008. Momente aus dem Leben der Chaco-Lanzenotter Bothrops diporus Garman, 1862. Draco 8 (33): 39-42 - get paper here
  • Valdujo, P.H. et al. 2002. Ecology of Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae) in the Brazilian Cerrado. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 169-176 - get paper here
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Xavier, V. 2002. Variação entre filhotes de representantes do complexo Bothrops neuwiedi (Serpentes, Viperidae, Ctoralinae). Phyllomedusa 1 (1): 11-30 - get paper here
  • Yuki, Rubens Nobuo 1997. Geographic Distribution. Bothrops neuwiedi. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 158 - get paper here
  • Zaracho, Víctor Hugo; Ingaramo, María del Rosario; Semhan, Romina Valeria; Etchepare, Eduardo; Acosta, José Luis; Falcione, Ana Camila; Álvarez, Blanca 2014. Herpetofauna de la Reserva Natural Provincial Isla Apipé Grande (Corrientes, Argentina) Cuad. herpetol. 28 (2): 153-160 - get paper here
 
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