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Bothrops fonsecai HOGE & BELLUOMINI, 1959

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFonseca's Lancehead 
SynonymBothrops fonsecai HOGE & BELLUOMINI 1959
Bothrops fonsecai — PETERS et al. 1970: 46
Bothrops fonsecai — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops fonsecai — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 261
Rhinocerophis fonsecai — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops fonsecai — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Rhinocerophis fonsecai — WALLACH et al. 2014: 649 
DistributionBrazil (NE Sao Paulo, S Rio de Janeiro, S Minas Gerais)

Type locality: Santo Antonio do Capivary, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: IB (= IBSP) 
CommentVenomous! 
Etymologynamed after Prof. Dr. Flavio da Fonseca, “Chefe do Laboratorio de Parasitolog'Ïa do Instituto Butantan e Professor Catedratico da Escola Paulista de Medicina.” 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41:1–15 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Hoge,A.R. & BELLUOMINI,H.E. 1959. Uma nova espécie de Bothrops do Brasil (Serpentes). Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957/1958]: 195-206 - get paper here
  • Manzani, Paulo Roberto;Moreno, Ronilson Agnaldo;Mattar, Miguel Nassif 1997. Geographic Distribution. Bothrops fonsecai. Herpetological Review 28 (4): 210 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Salomão, M.G., W. Wüster, R.S. Thorpe & BBBSP 1999. MtDNA phylogeny of Neotropical pitvipers of the genus Bothrops (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 127-134
  • Tashima, Alexandre K;.Libia Sanz; Antonio C.M. Camargo; <br />Solange M.T. Serrano; Juan J. Calvete 2008. Snake venomics of the Brazilian pitvipers Bothrops cotiara and Bothrops fonsecai. Identification of taxonomy markers. J Proteomics 7 (1): 473 – 485
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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