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Bothrops itapetiningae (BOULENGER, 1907)

IUCN Red List - Bothrops itapetiningae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSao Paulo Lancehead 
SynonymLachesis itapetiningae BOULENGER 1907
Bothrops itapetiningae — AMARAL 1929: 235
Bothrops itapetiningae — PETERS et al. 1970: 46
Bothrops itapetiningae — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops itapetiningae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 262
Rhinocerophis itapetiningae — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops itapetiningae — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Rhinocerophis itapetiningae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 649 
DistributionSE Brazil (Minas Gerais, S Goias, Mato Grosso, Sao Paulo, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul ?, Santa Catarina)

Type locality: Itapetininga, São Paulo, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.1.19.49-50 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentVenomous! 
References
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1907. Description of a new pit viper from Brazil. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 20: 338 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41:1–15 - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and <br />Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Leão, S. M. 2012. História natural, modelagem de distribuição e conservação de Bothrops itapetiningae Boulenger, 1907 (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), espécie endêmica do Cerrado. PhD Dissertation, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brazil - get paper here
  • Leão, Suelem Muniz; Nicolás Pelegrin, Cristiano de Campos Nogueira, and Reuber Albuquerque Brandão 2014. Natural History of Bothrops itapetiningae Boulenger, 1907 (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), an Endemic Species of the Brazilian Cerrado. Journal of Herpetology Sep 2014, Vol. 48, No. 3: 324-331. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Oliveira-Júnior, Nelson G.; Osmar N. Silva, Vanessa C. Oliveira, Simoni C. Dias, and Octávio L. Franco 2012. Toxicological and Histological Evaluation of Bothrops itapetiningae Venom. Journal of Herpetology 46 (4): 653-657. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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