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Bothrops lutzi (MIRANDA-RIBEIRO, 1915)

IUCN Red List - Bothrops lutzi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSertao Lancehead [iglesiasi] 
SynonymLachesis lutzi MIRANDA-RIBEIRO 1915
Bothrops iglesiasi AMARAL 1923: 97
Bothrops neuwiedi bahiensis AMARAL 1925: 57
Bothrops neuwiedi piauhyensis AMARAL 1925: 58
Bothrops iglesiasi AMARAL 1926: 116
Bothrops neuwiedi lutzi — AMARAL 1929: 238
Bothrops neuwiedi lutzi HOGE 1966 [1965]: 128
Bothrops neuwiedi piauhyensis HOGE 1966 [1965]: 129
Bothrops iglesiasi — PETERS et al. 1970: 46
Bothrops neuwiedi lutzi — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 50
Bothrops iglesiasi — WELCH 1994: 33
Bothrops iglesiasi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 261
Bothrops iglesiasi — RODRIGUES 2003
Bothrops lutzi — SILVA in CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004
Bothrops lutzi — JANSEN 2008
Bothrops lutzi — DA SILVA & RODRIGUES 2008
Bothropoides lutzi — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops lutzi — RIBEIRO-MOURA et al. 2013
Bothrops lutzi — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothropoides lutzi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 114 
DistributionBrazil (N Minas Gerais, W Bahia, E Goiás and Tocantins, Piauí, W Pernambuco, Ceará, isolated populations in E Bahia and possibly São Paulo)

Type locality: Santa Maria, Rio Corrente (present Santa Maria da Vitória): Bahia: Brazil.

iglesiasi: Brazil (N Piaui); Type locality: Near Fazenda Grande on right bank of Rio Gurgueia, Piauí, Brazil.

piauhyensis: Brazil (Piaui, Pernambuco, Ceara, S Maranhao) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: AL 5337
Holotype: IBSP 561 (from Regeneração, PI, fide Silva & Rodrigues 2008). [iglesiasi] 
CommentSynonymy: Note that Amaral described Bothrops iglesiasi as a new species in two independent papers, published in 1923 and 1926.

Diagnosis: Supralabials ornamented with small white spots prolonged vertically and usually more conspicuous in the posterior half of the mouth. Keels of some dorsal scales with characteristic white coloration. Borders of the dorsolateral blotches of little defined contour, usually forming transverse saddles where it is difficult to see the pair of secondary blotches of the dorsolateral blotches. One array of scales between the subocular and the 4th supralabial. Central intersupraoculars with tendency to the increase or coalesce. Postocular stripe faintly defined. Dorsolateral blotches frequently of trapezoid format, narrow and close to each other, varying from 20 to 35 (modes 21 and 24) [DA SILVA & RODRIGUES 2008]. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the types, Adolpho Lutz (Rio São Francisco Expedition, 1912). See obituary and bibliography in Anonymous (1956). 
References
  • Amaral, A. D. 1927. Studies of neotropical ophidia IV. A new form of crotalidae from Bolivia. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America 1 (1): 5-6
  • Amaral, A. D. 1932. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios do Brasil V. Uma nova raca de Bothrops neuwiedii. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7: 97-101 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1923. New genera and species of snakes. Proc. New England Zool. Club 8: 85-105 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1925. A general consideration of snake poisoning and observations on neotropical pitvipers. Contr. Harvard Inst. Biol. & Med. 2: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1926. Novos gêneros e expécies de ophidios brasileiros. Arch. Mus. Nac. Brazil, Rio de Janeiro 26: 1-27
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Studies of neotropical Ophidia XXV. A new race of Bothrops neuwiedi. Bull. Antiven. Inst. Amer. 4 (3): 65-67
  • Amaral,A. do 1937. New species of ophidians from Colombia. Compte Rendu 12th Congress Internat. Zool., Lisbon 3 [139 (141)]: 1762-1767 [1935]
  • Anonymous 1956. Adolpho Lutz (1855-1940). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 54: 447-487 - get paper here
  • Avila, L. J.;Moreta, J. C. 1995. Bothrops neuwiedi bolivianus Amaral. Cuadernos de Herpetología 9 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1894. List of reptiles and batachians collected by Dr. T. Bohls near Asuncion, Paraguay. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 13: 342-348 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Campbell, Jonathan A. and William W. Lamar 2004. The Venomous Reptiles of the Western Hemisphere, 2 vols. Comstock (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, NY, 962 pp. [review in Science 305: 182]
  • Carrasco, P.A., C.I. Mattoni, G.C. Leynaud, and G.J. Scrocchi. 2012. Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of South American bothropoid pitvipers (Serpentes, Viperidae). Zoologica Scripta 41:1–15 - get paper here
  • Cavalcanti, L.B.Q.; T.B. Costa; G.R. Colli; G.C. Costa; F.G.R. França; D.O. Mesquita; C.K.S. Palmeira; N. Pelegrin; A.H.B. Soares; D.B. Tucker; A.A. Garda 2014. Herpetofauna of protected areas in the Caatinga II: Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Cochran, Doris M. 1961. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (220): xvi + 291 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Catalogues of the reptiles obtained during the explorations of the Parana Paraguay, Vermejo and Uruguay rivers, by Capt. Thos. J. Page, U.S.N.; and of those procured by Lieut. N. Michier, U. S. Top. Eng., Commander of the expedition conducting the su Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 346-359. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Fernandes, W.; Abe, A.S. 1991. Electrophoretic Approach to the Relationships among the Subspecies of the Lancehead Bothrops neuwiedi (Serpentes,Viperidae). Zool. Anz. 226 (3/4): 195
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira and Guarino Rinaldi Colli 2006. A CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FROM AMAZONIAN SAVANNAS IN BRAZIL, HOUSED IN THE COLEÇÃO HERPETOLÓGICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASÍLIA, WITH NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORDS. Occ. Pap. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Oklahoma 17: 1-13
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Guarino R. Colli, Omar Machado Entiauspe-Neto, Luiz Trinchão, Daniel Araújo, Tiago de Oliveira Lima, Daniella Pereira Fagundes de França, Renato Gaiga, Pedro Dias 2016. Snakes of Cerrado localities in western Bahia, Brazil. Check List 12 (3): 1896 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Hartmann, M. T., O. A. V. Marques and S. M. Almeida-Santos 2004. Reproductive biology of the southern Brazilian pitviper Bothrops neuwiedi pubescens (Serpentes, Viperidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (1): 77-85 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A.R. 1966. Preliminary account on Neotropical Crotalinae (Serpentes: Viperidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 32 [1965]: 109-184 - get paper here
  • Hoge, Alphonse Richard 1959. Note sur la position systematique de Trigonocephalus (Bothrops) pubescens Cope 1869. Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957-1958]: 83-84 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M. 2006. Primeros registros de Bothrops pauloensis AMARAL, 1925 (Serpentes: Viperidae) en Bolivia. Kempffiana 2 (1): 66-71 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M.; Köhler, G. & Streit, B. 2007. Die Herpetofauna Boliviens. Elaphe 15 (3): 9-10
  • Jansen, Martin 2008. Die Lanzenottern der Gattung Bothrops in Bolivien. Draco 8 (33): 50-56 - get paper here
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  • Lacerda, J.B. 1884. Leçons sur le venin des serpents du Brésil et sur la méthode de traitement des morsures venimeuses par le permanganate de potasse. Rio de Janeiro, Lombaerts & C., 194 pp.
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