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Bothrops matogrossensis AMARAL, 1925

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymBothrops neuwiedi matogrossensis AMARAL 1925: 60
Bothrops neuwiedi boliviana AMARAL 1927: 6
Bothrops neuwiedi bolivianus HOGE 1966: 127 [1965]
Bothrops neuwiedi mattogrossensis — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 50
Bothrops neuwiedi bolivianus — LEYNAUD & BUCHER 1999: 38
Bothrops matogrossensis — SILVA in CAMPBELL & LAMAR 2004
Bothrops mattogrossensis [sic] — FRANCA et al. 2006
Bothrops mattogrossensis [sic] — JANSEN 2008
Bothrops mattogrossensis — DA SILVA & RODRIGUES 2008
Bothropoides matogrossensis — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops matogrossensis — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothropoides matogrossensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 114 
DistributionBrazil (S Mato Grosso do Sul, Amazonas, Rondonia, Goias, Tocantins, São Paulo), Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina (Salta), Peru

Type locality: Miranda, Estado do Mato Grosso, Brazil.

bolivianus: Bolivia, Brazil (W Mato Grosso); Type locality: Buenavista, Provincia del Sara, Departamento Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: IBSP 3011, adult female. 
CommentVenomous!

Distribution: Speciments from Peru were previously called B. neuwiedi, they are not considered as B. matogrossensis; hence, this species occurs in Peru because of taxonomic changes suggested by DA SILVA & RODRIGUES 2008.

Diagnosis - Uniform pigmentation in all the supralabials or big dark markings (covering more than 50% of the supralabial surface) more conspicuous in supralabials of the anterior half of the mouth. When these spots are present, the largest always meet under the eye. Dorsolateral blotches of the body with well defined contours, standing out from the ground coloration. Usually the last dorsolateral blotches of the trunk are divided vertically to the middle. Postcephalic stripes usually absent. When present, never with length larger than occipital length spots. Without melanism in the head. Postocular stripes well defined and keels always with the same coloration of the dorsal scales. Blotches in the interspaces between two consecutive blotches are present. Dorsolateral blotches in the trunk of variable formats from 16 to 33 (modes 21 and 22). 
References
  • Amaral, A. D. 1927. Studies of neotropical ophidia IV. A new form of crotalidae from Bolivia. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America 1 (1): 5-6
  • Amaral, A. D. 1932. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios do Brasil V. Uma nova raca de Bothrops neuwiedii. Mem. Inst. Butantan 7: 97-101 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1925. A general consideration of snake poisoning and observations on neotropical pitvipers. Contr. Harvard Inst. Biol. & Med. 2: 1-64 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Studies of neotropical Ophidia XXV. A new race of Bothrops neuwiedi. Bull. Antiven. Inst. Amer. 4 (3): 65-67
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1937. New species of ophidians from Colombia. Compte Rendu 12th Congress Internat. Zool., Lisbon 3 [139 (141)]: 1762-1767 [1935]
  • Avila, L. J.;Moreta, J. C. 1995. Bothrops neuwiedi bolivianus Amaral. Cuadernos de Herpetología 9 (1): 57 - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Snakes of Rondônia State, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R.S.; Batista, M.A. & Bertelli, P.W. 2001. Cobras e lagartos do Vale: levantamento das espécies de Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) da Bacia do Rio Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Rev. Est. Ambientais (Blumenau) 3 (1): 69-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1894. List of reptiles and batachians collected by Dr. T. Bohls near Asuncion, Paraguay. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 13: 342-348 - get paper here
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  • Cochran, Doris M. 1961. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (220): xvi + 291 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Catalogues of the reptiles obtained during the explorations of the Parana Paraguay, Vermejo and Uruguay rivers, by Capt. Thos. J. Page, U.S.N.; and of those procured by Lieut. N. Michier, U. S. Top. Eng., Commander of the expedition conducting the su Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 346-359. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Costa-Pereira, Raul, Travis Ingram, Franco L. Souza and Márcio Silva Araújo. 2016. Bothrops matogrossensis (Mato Grosso Lancehead) Diet. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 142
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Fernandes, W.; Abe, A.S. 1991. Electrophoretic Approach to the Relationships among the Subspecies of the Lancehead Bothrops neuwiedi (Serpentes,Viperidae). Zool. Anz. 226 (3/4): 195
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira and Guarino Rinaldi Colli 2006. A CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FROM AMAZONIAN SAVANNAS IN BRAZIL, HOUSED IN THE COLEÇÃO HERPETOLÓGICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASÍLIA, WITH NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORDS. Occ. Pap. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Oklahoma 17: 1-13
  • Hallmen, M. 2009. Ein Stück vom Paradies. Die Pouso Alegre im brasilianischen Pantanal aus Sicht eines Reptilienfreundes. Teil 2. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (77): 38-46 - get paper here
  • Hartmann, M. T., O. A. V. Marques and S. M. Almeida-Santos 2004. Reproductive biology of the southern Brazilian pitviper Bothrops neuwiedi pubescens (Serpentes, Viperidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 25 (1): 77-85 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A.R. 1966. Preliminary account on Neotropical Crotalinae (Serpentes: Viperidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 32 [1965]: 109-184 - get paper here
  • Hoge, Alphonse Richard 1959. Note sur la position systematique de Trigonocephalus (Bothrops) pubescens Cope 1869. Mem. Inst. Butantan 28 [1957-1958]: 83-84 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M. 2006. Primeros registros de Bothrops pauloensis AMARAL, 1925 (Serpentes: Viperidae) en Bolivia. Kempffiana 2 (1): 66-71 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M.; Köhler, G. & Streit, B. 2007. Die Herpetofauna Boliviens. Elaphe 15 (3): 9-10
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