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Bothrops pirajai AMARAL, 1923

IUCN Red List - Bothrops pirajai - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesPiraja's Lancehead 
SynonymBothrops pirajai AMARAL 1923: 99
Bothrops neglecta AMARAL 1923: 100
Bothrops neglecta AMARAL 1926: 118
Bothrops pirajai AMARAL 1926: 120
Bothrops pirajai — WELCH 1994: 35
Bothrops pirajai — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 270
Bothrops pirajai — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops pirajai — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothrops pirajai — WALLACH et al. 2014: 118 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia)

Type locality: Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil.

neglecta: Type-locality: "Bahia, Brazil." Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: IB (= IBSP) 3008
Holotype: IB 3010 [neglecta] 

Synonymy: Note that Amaral described Bothrops pirajai and B. neglecta as new species in two independent papers, published in 1923 and 1926. Synonymy following McDiarmid et al. 1999: 270.

Similar species: Bothrops jararacussu 
Etymology“dedicated to Professor Piraja da Silva, director of the branch the Instituto de Butantan has in Bahia. Professor P. da Silva sent it alive to me [Amaral] for determination, among other specimens of snakes, in December, 1921” 
  • Amaral, A. do 1923. New genera and species of snakes. Proc. New England Zool. Club 8: 85-105 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. do 1926. Novos gêneros e expécies de ophidios brasileiros. Arch. Mus. Nac. Brazil, Rio de Janeiro 26: 1-27
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Ferrarezzi, H. & Freire, E.M.X. 2001. New species of Bothrops Wagler, 1824 from the Atlantic forest of northeastern Brazil (Serpentes, Viperidae, Crotalinae). Boletim do Museu Nacional, Nova Serie, Zoologia 440: 1-10
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Antonio Jorge Suzart Argôlo, Catherine Gonner & Diogo Veríssimo 2014. Biology and conservation status of Piraja’s Lancehead Snake Bothrops pirajai Amaral, 1923 (Serpentes: Viperidae), Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 6 (10): 6326–6334, DOI: - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Solé, Mirco 2015. Auf der Suche nach der seltensten Giftschlange Südamerikas Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (6): 50-53 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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