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Bothrops venezuelensis SANDNER-MONTILLA, 1952

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVenezuela Lancehead 
SynonymBothrops venezuelensis SANDNER-MONTILLA 1952
Bothrops pifanoi SANDNER Y ROMER 1961
Bothrops venezuelae SANDNER-MONTILLA 1961: 4
Bothrops venezuelensis — WELCH 1994: 35
Bothrops venezuelensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 271
Bothrops venezuelensis — KORNACKER & NATERA-MUMAW 2008
Bothrops venezuelensis — FENWICK et al. 2009
Bothrops venezuelensis — CARRASCO et al. 2012
Bothrops venezuelensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 119 
DistributionN Venezuela (Lara [Esqueda & La Marca 1999]), Colombia (Norte de Santander, Boyacá)

Type locality: “Boca de Tigre”, Serranía de El Avila, Distrito Federal, Venezuela. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesType: None specified in original description. 
CommentVenomous! 
References
  • Campbell, J.A. & Lamar, W.W. 1989. The Venomous Reptiles of Latin America. Comstock Publishing/Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • FENWICK, ALLYSON M.; RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR, JENNAFER A. EVANS, CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2009. Morphological and molecular evidence for phylogeny and classification of South American pitvipers, genera Bothrops, Bothriopsis, and Bothrocophias (Serpentes: Viperidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 617-640 - get paper here
  • Kornacker, P. & Natera-Mumaw, M. 2008. Feldherpetologische Daten zu einigen Amphibien- und Reptilienarten im Wolkenwald des “Parque Nacional Henri Pittier”, Rancho Grande, Venezuela. Sauria 30 (3): 21-37 - get paper here
  • Markezich, A.L. 2002. New distribution records of reptiles from Western Venezuela. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 69-74 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mendoza, J.S.; V. Berrio; D.A. Gómez. 2012. Reptilia, Squamata, Viperidae, Bothrops venezuelensis Leybold, 1873: Distribution extension and first country record. Check List 8(2):310-312 - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. 1968. A replacement name for Bothrops lansbergii venezuelensis Roze, 1959 (Viperidae, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 81: 319-322 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Sandner Montilla, F. 1961. Ofidios ponzoñosos de Venezuela - Bothrops venezuelae sp. nov. Novedades cientificas contribuciones ocasionales del Museu de Historia Natural La Salle, Ser. Zool. (30): 1-36
  • Sandner-montilla,F. 1952. Serpientes Bothrops de Venezuela. Monogr. Cient. Inst. Terap. Exper. Lab. "Veros" Bogotá no. 9: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Sethao, Richard 2008. Haltung, Pflege und Nachzucht neotropischer Lanzenottern der Gattung Bothrops am Beispiel von Bothrops asper und Bothrops venezuelensis. Draco 8 (33): 35-38 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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