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Brachylophus fasciatus (BRONGNIART, 1800)

IUCN Red List - Brachylophus fasciatus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLau Banded Iguana, Fiji Banded Iguana 
SynonymIguana fasciata BRONGNIART 1800
Agama fasciata — DAUDIN 1802
Brachylophus fasciatus — CUVIER 1829
Iguana (Brachylophus) fasciatus — GRAY 1831
Brachylophus fasciatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 226
Ctenosaurus Sieberi FITZINGER 1843
Hypsilophus (Brachylophus) fasciatus — FITZINGER 1843
Chloroscartes fasciatus GÜNTHER 1862: 134
Brachylophus fasciatus — BOULENGER 1885: 192
Brachylophus brevicephalus AVERY & TANNER 1970
Brachylophus fasciatus — GIBBONS 1981 
DistributionFiji Islands (Viti Levu, Wakaya, Ovalau, Moturiki, Gau, Beqa, Vatuele, Kandavu Ono, Dravuni, Taveuni, Nggamea, Vanua, Balavu, Avea, Vatu Vara,Lakeba, Aiwa, Oneata, Vanua Levu, Vanua Vatu, Totoya, Kabara, Fulaga),
Tonga Islands (Tongatapu),
New Hebrides (Efate), Iles Wallis

Type locality: Tonga  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN; other types: BMNH 1946.8.3.83-84
Holotype: BYU 32662 [brevicephalus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentType species: Iguana fasciata BRONGNIART 1800 is the type species of the genus Brachylophus CUVIER 1829.

Fossil species: one extinct species, B. gibbonsi, has been described. Additionally the extinct monotypic iguana genus Lapitiguana was also known only from Fiji and was twice the length of the largest living Brachylophus (Pregill & Worthy 2003). 
Etymology 
References
  • Alberts, A.C.; Carter, R.L.; Hayes, W.K. & Martins, E.P. (eds.) 2004. Iguanas - Biology and Conservation. University of California Press, 356 pp.
  • Anonymous 1983. Der Fidschi-Leguan. Herpetofauna 5 (26): 11 - get paper here
  • Avery, D. F.;Tanner, W. W. 1971. Evolution of the iguanine lizards (Sauria, Iguanidae) as determined by osteological and myological characters. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin 12 (3): 1-79
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Brongniart, A. 1800. Essai d'une classification naturelle des reptiles. Bull. Soc. Philomath. 2 (36): 89-91 - get paper here
  • Buckley, Larry J.; Kevin de Queiroz, Tandora D. Grant, Bradford D. Hollingsworth, John B. Iverson (Chair, <br />Stesha A. Pasachnik, and Catherine L. Stephen (Iguana Taxonomy Working Group, ITWG 2016. A Checklist of the Iguanas of the World (Iguanidae; Iguaninae). Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (Monograph 6) - get paper here
  • Burns, E.L.; Costello, B.H.; Houlden, B.A. 2007. Three evolutionary significant units for conservation in the iguanid genus Brachylophus. Pacific Conservation Biology 123(1): 64-78
  • Colgan, D. J.;Da Costa, P. 1997. Genetic discrimination between the iguanas Brachylophus vitiensis and Brachylophus fasciatus. Journal of Herpetology 31 (4): 589-591 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. On the species of Iguaninae. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 23 (122): 261-271 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Gibbons,J.R.H. 1981. The biogeography of Brachylophus (Iguanidae) including the description of a new species, B. vitiensis, from Fiji. Journal of Herpetology 15 (3): 255-273 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1863. Descriptions of new species of reptiles and fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 134-135 - get paper here
  • INEICH, IVAN; ROBERT N. FISHER 2016. Rediscovery of the 220-year-old holotype of the Banded Iguana, Brachylophus fasciatus (Brongniart, 1800) in the Paris Natural History Museum Zootaxa 4138 (2): 381–391 - get paper here
  • Keogh JS, Edwards DL, Fisher RN, Harlow PS. 2008. Molecular and morphological analysis of the critically endangered Fijian iguanas reveals cryptic diversity and a complex biogeographic history. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 363(1508): 3413-26
  • Morrison, C. 2003. A Field Guide to the Herpetofauna of Fiji. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Applied Sciences, University of the South Pacific, 121 pp.
  • O'Shea, M.T. 1987. The iguanas of Fiji and Tonga. Herptile (Ayr, Scotland) 12(3): 108-109, 111-124. - get paper here
  • Pregill, G.K. & Worthy, T.H. 2003. A new iguanid lizard (Squamata, Iguanidae) from the late Quaternary of Fiji, Southwest Pacific. Herpetologica 59 (1): 57-67 - get paper here
  • Queiroz, Alan de 2014. Monkey's Voyage - How Improbable Journeys Shaped the History of Life. Basic Books, ISBN: 9780465020515 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. & Köhler, G. 2004. Brachylophus fasciatus - Haltung und Nachzucht im Terrarium seit zehn Jahren. Salamandra 40 (1): 37-50 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, J. 2003. Haltung und Vemehrung des Gebänderten Fidschi-Leguans (Brachylophus fasciatus BRONGNIART 1800). Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 56-63 - get paper here
  • Tanner, W. W. 1970. A catalogue of the fish, amphibian, and reptile types in the Brigham Young University Museum of Natural History. Great Basin Naturalist 30 (4): 219-226 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T. 2014. Erste Naturbrut des Fidschi-Leguans Brachylophus fasciatus im Terrarium des Kölner Zoos. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (109): 7-8
  • Zug,G. R. 1991. The lizards of Fiji: Natural history and systematics. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. 2: 1-136
 
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