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Brachyophis revoili MOCQUARD, 1888

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Aparallactinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesBrachyophis revoili revoili MOCQUARD 1888
Brachyophis revoili cornii SCORTECCI 1932
Brachyophis revoili krameri LANZA 1966 
Common NamesRevoil's Short Snake 
SynonymBrachyophis revoili MOCQUARD 1888: 125
Brachyophis revoili — LÖNNBERG & ANDERSSON 1913
Brachyophis revoili revoili — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947: 95
Brachyophis revoili — CORKILL & COCHRANE 1966
Brachyophis revoili revoili MOCQUARD 1888
Brachyophis revoili revoili — LANZA 1983
Brachyophis revoili — WELCH 1994: 37
Brachyophis revoili — WALLACH et al. 2014: 122

Brachyophis revoili cornii SCORTECCI 1932
Brachyophis revoili cornii — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947: 95
Brachyophis revoili cornii — LANZA 1983
Brachyophis revoili cornii — LANZA 1988
Brachyophis cornii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 121

Brachyophis revoili krameri LANZA 1966
Brachyophis revoili krameri — LANZA 1983
Brachyophis revoili krameri — LANZA 1988
Brachyophis krameri — CORTI 2013
Brachyophis krameri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 121 
DistributionSomalia

cornii: coastal C Somalia; Type locality: "fra Durgale e Magghiole, Somalia settentrionale" [= between Durghale (5°35'N, 48°15'E, elevation 90 m) and Magghiole, E Galguduud Region, cen. Somalia] via lectotype selection.

krameri: N end of C Somalia; Type locality: "Geriban (Somalia settentrionale, circa 48° 50' E X 7° 15' N)” [= Geriban, Mudug Region, cen. Somalia, ca. 48°50'E, 7°15'N, elevation 200 m].  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.3.86, possibly additional specimens in MNHN
Lectotype: MZUF 2491, female [cornii]
Holotype: MZUF 3934, female [krameri] 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

There are no publications about this genus/species in the Zoological Record between 1978 and 1999.

Type species: Brachyophis revoili MOCQUARD 1888: 125 is the type species of the genus Brachyophis MOCQUARD 1888.

Phylogenetics: see Portillo et al. 2018 for a phylogenetic analysis of members of Aparallactinae, inlcuding members of Brachyophis.

Distribution: not in East Africa (S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018). 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the type, Georges Révoil. B. r. krameri has been named after Professor Eugen Kramer, Swiss herpetologist. R. r. cornii has been named after Guido Corni, politician and explorer who also was governor of Italian Somalia 1928-1931. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965) - get paper here
  • Lanza B. 1966. Il genere Brachyophis e descrizione di una nuova forma (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Monitore Zool. Ital., 74 (1-3): 30-48.
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza,B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247
  • Lönnberg, E. and Andersson, L.G. 1913. On a collection of reptiles from Kismayu. Arkiv för Zoologi 8: 1-6
  • Mertens, R. 1930. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Inseln Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa und Flores. Senck. Naturf. Gesell., Frankfurt am Main, Abhandl. 42(3): 117-344.
  • Mocquard, F. 1888. Sur une collection de reptiles et de batraciens rapportés des pays comalis et de Zanzibar par M. G. Révoil. Mémoires Publies par la Société Philomathique a l’occasion du Centenaire de sa fondation 1788—1888, Paris, pp. 109—134.
  • Portillo, F., Branch, W.R., Conradie, W., Rödel, M-O., Penner, J., Barej, M.F., Kusamba, C., Muninga, W.M., Aristote, M.M., Bauer, A.M., Trape, J-F., Nagy, Z.T., Carlino, P., Pauwels, O.S.G., Menegon, M., Burger, M., Mazuch, T., Jackson, K., Hughes, 2018. Phylogeny and biogeography of the African burrowing snake subfamily Aparallactinae (Squamata: Lamprophiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Scortecci, G. 1932. Nuove specie di anfibi e rettili della Somalia Italiana (Descrizione preliminare). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 71: 264–269 [1931]
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
 
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