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Brachyurophis fasciolatus (GÜNTHER, 1872)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Narrow-banded Shovel-nosed Snake, Narrow-banded Burrowing Snake 
SynonymRhinelaps fasciolatus GÜNTHER 1872: 34
Rhynchoelaps fasciolatus BOULENGER 1896
Vermicella fasciata STIRLING & ZIETZ 1893: 175
Hornea pulchella LUCAS & FROST 1896: 150
Rhynchelaps fasciolatus — THOMSON 1934
Simoselaps fasciolatus — COGGER 1983: 235
Simoselaps fasciolatus — HUTCHINSON 1990
Simoselaps fasciolatus fasciolatus — GOLAY 1993: 208
Simoselaps fasciolatus fasciata — GOLAY 1993: 209
Simoselaps fasciolatus — WELCH 1994: 107
Simoselaps fasciolatus — COGGER 2000: 684
Brachyurophis fasciolata fasciolata — STORR et al. 2002
Brachyurophis fasciolata fasciata — STORR et al. 2002
Brachyurophis fasciolatus — GREER 2006 (online)
Brachyurophis fasciolatus — SANDERS et al. 2008
Brachyurophis fasciolatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 460
Brachyurophis fasciolatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 125 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia)

fasciolatus: SW Australia

fasciatus: C Australia

Type locality: Perth, W. A.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.19.12
Holotype: SAMA R2935, from near the Barrow Range, W. A., vide Houston (1976) [Vermicella fasciata].
Holotype: NMV D 11226, from Charlotte Waters, N. T. [Hornea pulchella]. 
DiagnosisOriginal description: “Rostral shield broad, depressed, trenchant in front, extending on the upper surface of the snout. The anterior frontals are only half as large as the posterior, which are in contact with the second and third labials. Vertical six-sided, as much produced in front as behind, as long as the occipitals, which are rounded behind. Nasal single, but nearly entirely divided into two by the nostril, which is subanterior. Anteocular large, in contact with, or nearly reaching, the vertical; two postoculars. Six upper labials, the first very small, the sixth not much larger than the fifth. Temporal 1+1. Ventrals 161 ; subcaudals 26. Body light reddish, with a great number of narrow, slightly undulated, brownish-black, transverse bars across the back; they are narrower than the interspaces between them, and nearly all are broken up into transverse series of spots. Head white, with a large black patch covering the interocular space and occipital, and separated by a narrow interspace from a broad black collar, which, again, is followed by a narrower black cross bar. Lower parts uniform white.” (Günther 1872: 34) 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983, who listed Vermicella fasciata STIRLING & ZIETZ 1893 as a synonym of Simoselaps fasciolatus.


Habitat: burrowing 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Günther,A. 1872. Seventh account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 13-37 - get paper here
  • Houston, T. F. 1976. Vertebrate type-specimens in the South Australian Museum. III. Reptiles. [type catalogue] Rec. South Austral. Mus. 17: 181-187 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1896. Reptilia. Report on the work of the Horn Expedition to Central Australia. 2: 112-151
  • Sanders, K.L. et al. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and divergence dates for Australasian elapids and sea snakes (Hydrophiinae): evidence from seven genes for rapid evolutionary radiations. J. Evol. Biol. 21: 682 – 695 - get paper here
  • Stirling, E. C., and A. Zietz. 1893. Scientific results of the Elder Exploring Expedition. Vertebrata. Mammalia, Reptilia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 16:154-176. - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1968. The genus Vermicella (Serpentes : Elapidae) in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. J. Royal Soc. Western Australia. 50: 80-92 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Thomson, D. F. 1934. A new snake from north Queensland. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1934: 529-531
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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