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Brookesia superciliaris (KUHL, 1820)

IUCN Red List - Brookesia superciliaris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae (Brookesiinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Brown Leaf Chameleon
G: Augenzipfelstummelschwanzchamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleo superciliaris KUHL 1820
Chameleo brookesiana GRAY 1827
Chameleo brookesii - GRAY 1831
Chamaeleo Brookesii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 235
Chamaeleon (Furcifer) brookesii - FITZINGER 1843
Chameleo brookesianus - GRAY, (err. pro B. superciliaris) 1845
Brookesia superciliaris — GRAY 1865: 352
Chamaeleo balteus - ANGEL, (err. pro Chameleo balteatus) 1942
Chameleo brookesia - ANGEL 1942
Brookesia superciliaris — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 239
Brookesia superciliaris — NECAS 1999: 271
Brookesia superciliaris — TOWNSEND et al. 2009 
DistributionE Madagascar (elevation up to more than 1000 m).

Type locality: probably from Africa (fide NECAS & SCHMIDT 2004). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesTypes: BMNH 
CommentType species: Chamaeleo superciliaris KUHL 1820 is the type species of the genus Brookesia KUHL 1820. 
EtymologyThe genus has been named by Gray in honor of Joshua Brookes (1761- 1833). Brookes was a British anatomist and founder of the Brookesian Museum of Comparative Anatomy. The first officially described species of Brookesia was part of his collection. 
References
  • Andersson, Lars Gabriel 1910. Reptiles and batrachians from the north-west of Madagascar collected by V. Kaudern, 1906-1907. Arkiv för Zoologi 7 (7): 1-15.
  • Andreone F., Randrianirina J., Jenkins P.D. & Aprea G. 2000. Species diversity of Amphibia, Reptilia and Lipotyphla (Mammalia) at Ambolokopatrika, a rainforest between the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, NE Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 1587–1622
  • Angel, F. 1942. Les Lézards de Madagascar. Mem. Acad. Malagache, Tananarive XXXVI: 193 pp.
  • Böhle, A. 2007. Die Haltung von Hochland-Chamäleons. Draco 7 (27): 40-44 - get paper here
  • Buchholz, R. 1874. Bemerkungen über die im Cameroongebiet vorkommenden Arten von Chamäleonen. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Berlin 1874: 77-89. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.-S., F. M. Ratsoavina & M. Vences 2010. Filling the gaps – amphibian and reptile records from lowland rainforests in eastern Madagascar. Salamandra 46 (4): 214-234 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. Revision of the genera and species of Chamaeleonidae, with the description of some new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 15: 340-354 - get paper here
  • Kuhl,H. 1820. Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie. Hermannsche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt, 152 pp.
  • Le Berre, Francois 1996. A few notes on four species of Brookesia. Reptiles 4 (10): 24-30
  • LIPPE, R. 1994. Wieder eine gelungene Nachzucht eines Erdchamäleons Brookesia superciliaris (KUHL 1820). Mitteilungsblatt AG Chamäleons 12: 3-4 - get paper here
  • MÜLLER, Rolf & Thomas HILDENHAGEN 2009. Zeigt her eure Füßchen - Bemerkungen zu Sohlen- und Schwanzstrukturen bei Chamäleons. Chamaeleo 19 (1): 13-24 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Stump-tailed Chameleons. Miniature Dragons of the Rainforest. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 256 pp. [review in Elaphe 14 (1): 24]
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Geheimnisvolle Mini-Drachen: Die Erd- und Stummelschwanzchamäleons der Gattungen Brookesia und Rhampholeon. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 18-27 - get paper here
  • Necas, P. & Schmidt, W. 2004. Mysterious Mini-Dragons: the stump-tailed chameleons Brookesia and Rhampholeon. Reptilia (GB) (35): 10-21 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Rabearivony, Jeanneney; Lee D. Brady, Richard K.B. Jenkins, Richard A. Griffiths, Achille P. Raselimanana, Michel Bisoa & Rasoamampionona N. Raminosoa 2015. Influence of riparian habitats on the distribution of rainforest chameleons in Parc National de Ranomafana, Madagascar. African Journal of Herpetology 64 (2): 148-159 | DOI: 10.1080/21564574.2015.1121930 - get paper here
  • RAXWORTHY, C.J.; ENRIQUE MARTINEZ-MEYER; NED HORNING; RONALD A. NUSSBAUM; GREGORY E. SCHNEIDER; MIGUEL A. ORTEGA-HUERTA & A. TOWNSEND PETERSON 2003. Predicting distributions of known and unknown reptile species in Madagascar. Nature 426: 837 - 841
  • Rogner, Manfred 2014. Chamäleons im Terrarium. Draco 15 (58): 6-22 - get paper here
  • SCHMIDT, W. 1991. Über Haltung und Nachzucht von Brookesia superciliaris. Mitteilungsblatt AG Chamäleons 3: 3. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Tolley, K. & Herrel, A. (eds.) 2014. The biology of chameleons. University of California Press, 275 pp.
  • Townsend, T.M.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F. & Vences, M. 2009. Testing Species-Level Diversification Hypotheses in Madagascar: The Case of Microendemic Brookesia Leaf Chameleons. Systematic Biology 58 (6):641–656 - get paper here
  • Van Beest, Piet 2004. Herpetologische waarnemingen op Madagaskar, aprol 2001 deel 4: het Noorden. Lacerta 62 (6): 226-255 - get paper here
  • van Hoof, J. et al. 2006. Kameleons, een fascinerende hobby. Lacerta 64 (5-6): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Zimmermann, H. 2001. Das erste “deutsche” Naturschutzgebiet in Madagaskar, der “Drachenbaum-Regenwald Maromiza bei Andasibe und seine Herpetofauna. Herpetofauna 23 (134): 28-34 - get paper here
 
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