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Bungarus flaviceps REINHARDT, 1843

IUCN Red List - Bungarus flaviceps - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesBungarus flaviceps flaviceps REINHARDT 1843
Bungarus flaviceps baluensis LOVERIDGE 1938 
Common NamesE: Red-headed Krait
G: Rotkopf-Krait 
SynonymBungarus flaviceps REINHARDT 1843: 267
Elaps bivirgatus (nec Elaps bivirgatus BOIE 1827) - SCHLEGEL 1837
? Elaps bi-virgatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1230
Bungarus flaviceps - GÜNTHER 1858
Megaerophis flaviceps - GÜNTHER 1864
Megaerophis flaviceps — SCLATER 1891
Maticora intermedia WESTERMANN 1942 (fide ISKANDAR & MUMPUNI 2002)
Bungarus flaviceps — SMITH 1943
Bungarus flaviceps flaviceps - BRONGERSMA 1948
Bungarus flaviceps — GRANDISON 1972: 93
Bungarus flaviceps — WELCH 1994: 37
Bungarus flaviceps — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 418
Bungarus flaviceps — COX et al. 1998: 31
Bungarus flaviceps — MATTISON 2007: 257
Bungarus flaviceps — WALLACH et al. 2014: 129

Bungarus flaviceps baluensis LOVERIDGE 1938
Bungarus flaviceps baluensis — MANTHEY 1983
Bungarus flaviceps baluensis — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionS Thailand, S Myanmar (= Burma), Cambodia, Vietnam,
W Malaysia, Pulau Tioman, Indonesia (Bangka, Sumatra, Java, Billiton, Borneo)

baluensis: Malaysia (East Malaysia, Sabah, Borneo); Type locality: Kenoko, Mt. Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.

Type locality: Java Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMUC R65301 
CommentVenomous!

DIAGNOSIS. Dorsal scales in 13 longitudinal rows at midbody; expanded neural crest of vertebrae forms distinct ridge down back and tail; subcaudal scutes undivided, anteriorly those near the tip divided; ventrals: males 220– 236, females 193–217; subcaudals: males 47–53, females 42– 54. Black above; orange-yellow dorsal stripe often present; interstitial skin orange-yellow giving appearance of longitudinal stripes; head orange-yellow; tail and posterior part of body orange-yellow; belly orange or yellow, sometimes edged with brown. (After Smith, 1943:411.) Total length 1850 mm; tail length 220 mm. 
References
  • Blyth, E. 1856. Report for october meeting, 1855. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Calcutta, 24: 711 - 723 [1855] - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1948. Notes on Maticora bivirgata (Boie) and on Bungarus flaviceps Reinh. Zoologische Mededelingen 30: 1-29 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101.
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles of the Seribuat Archipelago. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 239 pp.
  • Grossmann, W. 1990. Das Portrait: Bungarus flaviceps flaviceps REINHARDT. Sauria 12 (4): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A. 2003. Bungarus f. flaviceps REINHARD 1843 - Rotkopf-Krait. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (43): 51-54 - get paper here
  • Hien,P. Grossmann,W. & Schäfer, C. 2001. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der landbewohnenden Reptilienfauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 23 (4): 11-28 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Mumpuni 2002. The herpetological type specimens in the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense Collection. Hamadryad 27 (1):123-135 - get paper here
  • Kuch, U. & W. Schneyder 1996. Erfahrungen mit der Terrarienhaltung von vier Arten nahrungsspezifischer Giftnattern der Gattung Bungarus Daudin, 1803. Teil 4: Bungarus flaviceps (Reinhardt, 1843). Sauria 18 (2): 3-16 - get paper here
  • Kuch, Ulrich 2002. Range extension and first record for Indonesia of the Kinabalu Krait, Bungarus flaviceps baluensis Loveridge, 1938 (Squamata: Serpentes: Elapidae). Herpetozoa 14 (3/4):149-151. - get paper here
  • Kuch, Ulrich and Armin Götzke 2000. Eine Freilandbeobachtung des Kinabalu-Kraits, Bungarus flaviceps baluensis Loveridge, 1938 (Serpentes: Elapidae). Sauria 22 (2): 19-22 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462
  • Loveridge, A. 1938. New snakes of the genera Calamaria, Bungarus and Trimeresurus from Mt. Kinabalu, North Borneo. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 51: 43-46. - get paper here
  • Low, M.-R. & Guek, H.P.K. 2017. Bungarus flaviceps (Red-headed Krait) Reproduction / Mating behavior. Herpetological Review 48 (3): 667.
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • Rasmussen, J.B. & B. Hughes 1996. Description of some new snake species. I. [English translation of the original Danish text of T. Reinhardt 1843]. Steenstrupia 22: 13-39
  • Reinhardt, J. T. 1843. Beskrivelse af nogle nye Slangearter. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Afhandl. 10: 233-279. - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van & van Rooijen, M. 2002. Einige Ergänzungen, Berichtigungen und neue Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 24 (3): 3-12 [erratum in 24 (4): 34] - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Sclater,W.L. 1891. Notes on a collection of snakes in the Indian Museum, with descriptions of several new species. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal LX: 230-250 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1950. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.2. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 23: 191-199
  • Tweedie, M.W.F. 1954. Notes on Malayan reptiles, No.3. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 25: 107-117
  • Vogel, G. & P. HOFFMANN 1997. Über die Lebendfärbung von Bungarus flaviceps baluensis Loveridge, 1938 (Serpentes: Elapidae). Sauria 19 (1): 13-16 - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. A popular treatise of the common Indian snakes. Part VIII. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 711-735 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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