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Cadea palirostrata DICKERSON, 1916

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Higher TaxaCadeidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cuban Sharp-nosed Wormlizard, Sharp-nosed Amphisbaena 
SynonymCadea palirostrata DICKERSON 1916: 659
Cadea palirostrata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 564
Amphisbaena palirostrata — HEDGES et al. 1992
Cadea palirostrata — VIDAL et al. 2007 
DistributionIsla de la Juventud (Cuba)

Type locality: San Pedro, Isla de la Juventud.  
TypesHolotype: AMNH 2717. Paratypes: AMNH, USNM; other specimens: SMF, ZMU 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Size large (SVL to 280 mm); tail to 12 mm, short, not tapering, rounded terminally; no caudal autotomy; body annuli 274-302, caudal annuli 12-17; dorsal segments 20/midbody annulus; ventral segments IS/midbody annulus; rows of postgenials 2; 1 row of postmalar chin shields; 6-11 precloacal pores in 2 separated lateral series; 6-10 precloacal segments; head strongly compressed laterally and with prominent rostral projection; no nasal suture; 1 temporal. Dorsum (as preserved) speckled with brown; head with central light stripe from prefrontal onto nape, often with a pair of lateral bars (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 564).

See also the diagnosis in Gans & Alexander 1962: 139. 
CommentIllustrations: Dickerson, 1916; Gans and Alexander, 1962. 
  • Dickerson, M.C. 1916. Description of a new amphisbaenian collected by the late Dr. Charles M. Mead in 1911, on the Isle of Pines, Cuba. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 35: 659-662. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130 - get paper here
  • Gans, Carl & Alexander, A. Allen 1962. Studies on amphisbaenids (Amphisbaenia, Reptilia). 2. On the amphisbaenids of the Antilles. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 128 (3): 65-158 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Vidal, Nicolas; Anna Azvolinsky, Corinne Cruaud and S. Blair Hedges 2007. Origin of tropical American burrowing reptiles by transatlantic rafting. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2007.0531 - get paper here
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