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Caiman latirostris (DAUDIN, 1802)

IUCN Red List - Caiman latirostris - , LR

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Higher TaxaAlligatoridae, Crocodylia, crocodiles (alligators) 
SubspeciesCaiman latirostris chacoensis FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965
Caiman latirostris latirostris (DAUDIN 1802) 
Common NamesE: Broad-snouted caiman
G: Breitschnauzenkaiman 
SynonymCrocodilus latirostris DAUDIN 1802
Caiman fissipes SPIX 1825
Champsa fissipes WAGLER 1828 (fide HOOGMOED & GRUBER 1983)
Alligator cynocephalus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 86
Crocodilus fissipes — FITZINGER in TREITSCHKE 1842
Champsa fissipes — GULLIVER 1846: 208
Jacare latirostris — GRAY 1862
Alligator latirostris — STRAUCH 1866 (partim)
Alligator latirostris — BOULENGER 1886: 425
Caiman latirostris - BOULENGER 1889 (partim)
Jacaretinga latirostris — VAILLANT 1898
Caiman latirostris latirostris — FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965
Caiman latirostris — NICKEL & AULIYA 2004

Caiman latirostris chacoensis FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965
Caiman latirostris chacoensis — NICKEL & AULIYA 2004 
DistributionN Argentina (Formosa), SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro), Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay

Type locality: Joinvilla, Santa Catarina, Brasil (designated by FREIBERG & CARVALHO 1965) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 7769; MNRJ 1258 designated neotype by Freiberg and Carvalho 1965. 
CommentFreiberg and Carvalho (1965) list the register number of the holotype, MNHN 7769, and then nevertheless designate a neotype, MNRJ 1258. They do not provide any justification for this action. According to Art. 75 of the Intl. Code Zool. Nomen. such a designation is not valid. However, Freiberg and Carvalho's restriction of the type locality is acceptable (KING & BURKE 1989).

Type species: Caiman fissipes SPIX 1825 is the type species of the genus Caiman SPIX 1825: 3. 
References
  • Achaval, F.;San Martin, H. 1983. Presencia del "Yacare de Hocico Ancho" Caiman latirostris (Daudin,1801) (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae), en el Departamento de Rocha, Uruguay. Bol. Soc. Zool. del Uruguay 1: 11-15
  • Amavet, P.; Rosso, E. Markariani, R.; Piña, C.I. 2008. Microsatellite DNA Markers Applied to Detection of Multiple Paternity in Caiman latirostris in Santa Fe, Argentina. J. Exp. Zool. 309A: 637–642
  • Amavet, P.; Vilardi, J.C.; rosso, E. & Saidman, B. 2009. Genetic and Morphometric Variability in Caiman latirostris (Broad-Snouted Caiman), Reptilia, Alligatoridae. J. Exp. Zool. 311A: 258-269
  • Amavet, Patricia Susana, Eva Carolina Rueda, Pablo Ariel Siroski, Alejandro Larriera and Beatriz Ofelia Saidman. 2015. Isolation and characterization of new microsatellite markers for application in population genetic studies of Caiman latirostris and related species. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (2): 175-180 - get paper here
  • Amavet, Patricia Susana; Vilardi, Juan César; Rueda, Eva Carolina; Larriera, Alejandro; Saidman, Beatriz Ofelia 2012. Mating system and population analysis of the broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris) using microsatellite markers. Amphibia-Reptilia 33 (1): 83-93 - get paper here
  • Blanco, M.V. Fernandez; Bona, P.; Olivares, A.I.; Desojo, J.B. 2015. Ontogenetic variation in the skulls of Caiman: the case of Caiman latirostris and Caiman yacare (Alligatoridae, Caimaninae). The Herpetological Journal 25 (2): 65-73 - get paper here
  • Borteiro C.; Prigioni C.; García J.E.; Tedros M.; Gutiérrez F. & Kolenc F. 2006. Geographic distribution and conservation status of Caiman latirostris (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae). Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 98-108 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Cano, Paula Daniela; Héctor Alejandro Ball, Matías Federico Carpinetto, Germán Darío Peña 2015. Reptile checklist of Río Pilcomayo National Park, Formosa, Argentina. Check List 11 (3): 1658 - get paper here
  • Caramaschi, Ulisses; Soares, Marcelo A. 1995. An invalid neotype designation for caiman latirostris (Daudin, 1802) (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae). Journal of Herpetology 29 (1): 136-137 - get paper here
  • Castro, T.M. & Teixeira, R.L. 2007. Straßenverkehr als Bedrohung für die Amphibien und Reptilien des Atlantischen Regenwalds in Südost-Brasilien. Eine Fallstudie. Sauria 29 (2): 35-42 - get paper here
  • Daudin 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Reptiles; ouvrage faisant suit à l'Histoire naturell générale et particulière, composée par Leclerc de Buffon; et rédigee par C.S. Sonnini, membre de plusieurs sociétés savantes. Vol. 2. F. Dufart, Paris [1802], 432 pp.
  • de Souza, Guilherme V.; de Freitas, Thais S. 1998. Geographic distribution. Caiman latirostris. Herpetological Review 29 (3): 173 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Freiberg & CARVALHO 1965. El yacare Sudamericano Caiman latirostris (Daudin). Physis. Buenos Aires. 25 (70): 351-360
  • Gonzales, Lucindo; Arturo Muñoz y Edson Cortez 2006. PRIMER REPORTE SOBRE LA HERPETOFAUNA DE LA RESERVA NATURAL “EL CORBALÁN”, TARIJA, BOLIVIA [FIRST REPORT ON THE HERPETOFAUNA OF “EL CORBALAN” NATURAL RESERVE, TARIJA, BOLIVIA]. Kempffiana 2 (1): 72-94 - get paper here
  • Guix, Juan C.; Santos, Xavier;Montori, Albert;Llorente, Gustavo A.;Carretero, Miguel A. 1997. Caiman latirostris (Broad-snouted Caiman). New populations and undescribed habitat. Herpetological Review 28 (1): 41-42 - get paper here
  • Gulliver,George 1846. On the size of the red corpuscles of the blood in the vertebrata, with copious tables of measurements. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (1) 17: 200-209 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed,M.S. and Gruber,U. 1983. Spix and Wagler type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the Natural History Musea in Munich (Germany) and Leiden (The Netherlands). Spixiana Suppl. 9: 319-415 - get paper here
  • Iungman, Josefina L.; Gustavo M. Somoza, and Carlos I. Piña 2015. Are Stress-Related Hormones Involved in the Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination of the Broad-Snouted Caiman? South American Journal of Herpetology Apr 2015, Vol. 10, No. 1: 41-49. - get paper here
  • Larriera, Alejandro and Carlos Piña. 2000. Caiman latirostris (Broad-snouted Caiman) nest predation: does low rainfall facilitate predator access?. Herpetological Natural History 7(1):73-77
  • Marques, T. S., L. A. B. Bassetti, N. R. F. Lara, C. H. Millan, C. I. Piña & L. M. Verdade 2016. Population structure of the broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris) in natural and man-made water bodies associated with a silvicultural landscape. Salamandra 52 (1): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Medem, F. 1983. Los Crocodylia de Sur America. Vol. 2. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional. Bogotá. 270 pp.
  • Miles, Lee G.; Stacey L. Lance; Sally R. Isberg; <br />Chris Moran; Travis C. Glenn 2009. Cross-species amplification of microsatellites in crocodilians: assessment and applications for the future. Conserv Genet. 10:935–954
  • Montini, J.P.; Piña C.I.; Larriera A.; Siroski P. & Verdade L.M. 2006. The relationship between nesting habitat and hatching success in Caiman latirostris (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae). Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 91-96 - get paper here
  • Muller, P. 1971. Zum Vorkommen von Caiman latirostris auf der Insel von Santa Catarina (Brasilien). AquaTerra 8 (5): 59-60
  • Parachú Marcó, María Virginia, Alejandro Larriera and Carlos Ignacio Piña. 2015. Red Fire Ant (Solenopsis invicta) Effects on Broad-Snouted Caiman (Caiman latirostris) Nest Success. Journal of Herpetology 49 (1): 70-74
  • Parachú-Marcó, María V.; Carlos I. Piña, and Alejandro Larriera 2012. Presence of Red Fire Ants (Solenopsis invicta Buren) in Broad-Snouted Caiman (Caiman latirostris) Nests. Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 228-232. - get paper here
  • Parachú-Marcó, María V.; Carlos I. Piña, Gustavo M. Somoza, Graciela A. Jahn, Elisa O. Pietrobon, and Josefina L. Iungman 2015. Corticosterone Plasma Levels of Embryo and Hatchling Broad-Snouted Caimans (Caiman latirostris) Incubated at Different Temperatures. South American Journal of Herpetology Apr 2015, Vol. 10, No. 1: 50-57. - get paper here
  • Piña, Carlos I.; Siroski, Pablo; Larriera, Alejandro; Lance, Valentine; Verdade, Luciano M. 2007. The temperature-sensitive period (TSP) during incubation of broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris) eggs. Amphibia-Reptilia 28 (1): 123-128 - get paper here
  • Piras, Paolo; Luciano Teresi; Angela D. Buscalioni and Jorge Cubo 2009. The shadow of forgotten ancestors differently constrains the fate of Alligatoroidea and Crocodyloidea. Global Ecology and Biogeography (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) 18: 30–40
  • Portelinha, Thiago C.G.; Graciela A. Jahn, M. Belén Hapon, Luciano M. Verdade, and Carlos I. Piña 2015. Hormone Levels and Ultrasound Evaluation of Caiman latirostris (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae) Ovulation. South American Journal of Herpetology Apr 2015, Vol. 10, No. 1: 23-31. - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Schmidt Villela, P. Marqui; Lehmann Coutinho, L.; Ignacio Piña, C.; Verdade, L.M. 2008. Macrogeographic Genetic Variation in Broad-Snouted Caiman (Caiman latirostris). J. exp. Zool. 309: 628-636
  • Scott, N.J.;Aquino, A.L.;Fitzgerald, L.A. 1990. Distribution, habitats, and conservation of the caimans (Alligatoridae) of Paraguay. Vida Silv. Neotrop. 2 (2): 43-51
  • Simoncini, Melina Soledad; Piña, Carlos Ignacio; Cruz, Félix Benjamín; Larriera, Alejandro 2011. Climatic effects on the reproductive biology of Caiman latirostris (Crocodylia: Alligatoridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 32 (3): 305-314 - get paper here
  • Sommerlad, R. 2011. Krokodile – Reptiliengiganten in Gefahr. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (87): 16-22 - get paper here
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  • Treitschke, R. (Hrsg.) 1839. Naturhistorischer Bildersaal des Thierreiches. nach William Jardine bearbeitet, nebst einem Vorworte von Karl Vogel; 4 Bände. Pesth & Leipzig (C. A. Hartleben), [1839, 1841, 1842, 1843 for the 4 volumes]
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Crocodilians. Their natural history and captive husbandry. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia GB 48: 8-10]
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  • Verdade, L. M. and C. I. Piña. 2006. Caiman latirostris. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 833: 1-21 - get paper here
  • Verdade, Luciano M. 2003. Cranial sexual dimorphism in captive adult broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris). Amphibia-Reptilia 24 (1): 92-99 - get paper here
  • Wermuth,H. & Fuchs,K. 1978. Bestimmen von Krokodilen und ihrer Häute. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart - New York, 100 pages, [ISBN 3-437-30268-X]
  • Willis, Ray E. 2009. Transthyretin gene (TTR) intron 1 elucidates crocodylian phylogenetic relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 1049-1054 - get paper here
  • Zayas, M. A.; H. A. Rodríguez, G. H. Galoppo, C. Stoker, M. Durando, E. H. Luque, and M. Muñoz-de-Toro 2011. Hematology and Blood Biochemistry of Young Healthy Broad-Snouted Caimans (Caiman latirostris). Journal of Herpetology 45 (4): 516-524. - get paper here
 
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