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Calamaria gialaiensis ZIEGLER, SANG & TRUONG, 2008

IUCN Red List - Calamaria gialaiensis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesEnglish: Gia Lai reed snake
Vietnamese: Ran mai gam gia lai
French: Calamaire de Gia Lai
German: Gia Lai Zwergschlange 
SynonymCalamaria gialaiensis ZIEGLER, SANG & TRUONG 2008
Calamaria gialaiensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 137
Calamaria gialaiensis — LEE 2021 
DistributionVietnam (Gia Lai)

Type locality: Kon Ka Kinh, K Bang District, Gia Lai Province, Vietnam, 1,300m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: IEBR A.0714, adult male, Nguyen Van Sang, April 1999. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This new species is distinguished from congeneric species in having the following combination of characters: 1) rostral wider than high, portion visible from above more than half of prefrontal suture; 2) paraparietal surrounded by five shields and scales; 3) eye diameter larger than eye-mouth distance; 4) preocular present; 5) supralabials four, second and third entering orbit; 6) maxillary teeth modified; 7) infralabials five, first three touching anterior chin shield; 8) mental touching anterior chin shields; anterior shields meeting in midline; posterior chin shields diverging, only touching anteriorly; 9) 3+191 ventrals; 23 divided subcaudal scales; 10) single anal plate; 11) tail relatively short, as thick as body, not tapering, with rounded end (8.1% of the total length); 12) dorsum light greyish brown with indistinct dark neck collar and few dark blotches along vertebral region before cloaca; with two pairs of light blotches and a yellow ring around tip in tail; outermost dorsal scale rows yellow with dark dorsal corners; 13) venter yellowish beige, with dark outermost corners in each of ventrals and anterior subcaudals; 14) body relatively large, total length of the unique male 457mm. 
EtymologyNamed after the province (Gia Lai), which houses the type locality. 
  • Lee, Justin L. 2021. Description of a new species of Southeast Asian reed snake from northern Laos (Squamata: Colubridae: Genus Calamaria F. Boie, 1827) with a revised diagnosis of Calamaria yunnanensis Chernov, 1962. Journal of Natural History, 55:9-10, 531-560, - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler & Truong Quang; 2010. New discoveries of amphibians and reptiles from Vietnam. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (2): 137–147 - get paper here
  • Orlov, Nikolai L. 2009. A New Species of the Genus Calamaria (Squamata: Ophidia: Colubridae) from the Central Highlands (Ngoc Linh Nature Reserve, Ngoc Linh Mountain, Kon Tum Province), Vietnam. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (2): 146-154 - get paper here
  • Poyarkov, Nikolay A.; Jr., Tan Van Nguyen, Nikolai L. Orlov, Gernot Vogel 2019. A New Species of the Genus Calamaria Boie, 1827 from the Highlands of the Langbian Plateau, Southern Vietnam (Squamata: Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 26 (6): 335-348 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Ziegler, Thomas; Nguyen Van Sang, Nguyen Quang Truong 2008. A New Reed Snake of the Genus Calamaria Boie (Squamata: Colubridae) from Vietnam. Current Herpetology 27 (2): 71-80 [2009] - get paper here
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