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Calamaria suluensis TAYLOR, 1922

IUCN Red List - Calamaria suluensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Calamariinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sulu Reed Snake; Yellow-bellied Reed Snake 
SynonymCalamaria suluensis TAYLOR 1922
Calamaria pendleburyi SMITH 1931: 27
Calamaria sumatrana WERNER 1909 (non EDELING)
Calamaria suluensis — INGER & MARX 1965: 123
Calamaria grabowski MARX & INGER 1955 (non FISCHER)
Calamaria pendleburyi — MANTHEY 1983
Calamaria suluensis — INGER & VORIS 2001
Calamaria suluensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 142 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo), Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak), Philippines (Cagayan Sulu)

Type locality: Cagayan Sulu, Philippines.  
TypesNeotype: FMNH 76294 
DiagnosisColor in life. Above iridescent brown; many scales on anterior part of body with darker spots; a row of white spots on outer row of scales; lower edge of outer scale row brown, and the same color on extreme outer edge of ventrals; a second row of white dots begins on second row of scales, but only continues a very short distance; head brown with very dim dark spots; upper labials yellowish on their lower parts; lower labials with brown spots; mental and anterior parts of first chin shields dark; belly immaculate canary; underside of tail yellow with a median dark brown line (Taylor 1922: 190).

Description of type. Rostral about as broad as deep, visible above; no internasal prefrontals large, in contact with 2; labials laterally; frontal about one-third longer than wide, two and a half times as wide as supraocular, shorter than parietals; latter in contact for a little more than half their length, in contact with fifth labial; nasal a mere rim about nostril; no loreal present; 1 preocular, higher than wide; 1 postocular; no anterior temporals; 1 posterior temporal; 6 upper labials in following order of size: fifth, second, third, first, fourth, sixth, the third and fourth entering eye; 6 lower labials, 3 touching anterior chin shields, first pair of labials not in contact; posterior chin shields nearly three-fourths as long as anterior. Scales in 13 smooth rows; ventrals 154; anal single; subcaudals 25; tail much narrowed behind anus, its length contained in total body length nine and a half times (Taylor 1922: 189). 
CommentSynonymy after INGER & MARX 1965. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Ahmad, Norhayati; Eddie Ahmad, Mahathir Ratag, Edward Asrul Alimin Sinon, Brandon Don, Francer Francis, Muhammad Ridzuan Mahmod, Amshari Agimin, Daicus Belabut 2019. Amphibians and Reptiles of Imbak Canyon Study Centre and Batu Timbang Camp. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 16: 25–33
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • Grismer, L. L., H. Kaiser & N. S. Yaakob 2004. A new species of Reed Snake of the genus Calamaria H. Boie, 1827, from Pulau Tioman, Pahang, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Inger, R. F. & H. MARX 1965. The systematics and evolution of the oriental colubrid snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 49: 1-304. - get paper here
  • Inger, R.F. & Voris, H. K. 2001. The biogeographical relations of the frogs and snakes of Sundaland. Journal of Biogeography 28: 863-89 1
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • Marx, H. & R. F. INGER 1955. Notes on the snakes of the genus Calamaria. Fieldiana: Zoology 37: 167 - 209 - get paper here
  • Murphy, J. C.; Voris, H. K.; Karns, D. R. 1994. A field guide and key to the snakes of the Danum Valley, A bornean tropical rainforest ecosystem. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 29: 133-151
  • Smith, M.A. 1931. The herpetology of Mt. Kinabalu, North Borneo, 13455 ft. Bull. Raffles Mus. 5: 3-32.
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The snakes of the Philippine Islands. Manila (Bureau of Printing or Science), Monograph 16: 312 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weinell, J. L., Leviton, A. E., & Brown, R. M. 2021. A new species of reed snake, genus Calamaria (Colubridae: Calamariinae), from Mindoro Island, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology, DOI 10.26757/pjsb2020b14006 - get paper here
  • Weinell, Jeffrey L.; Errol Hooper, Alan E. Leviton, Rafe M. Brown 2019. Illustrated Key to the Snakes of the Philippines. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 66 (1): 1-49 - get paper here
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