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Calliophis bibroni (JAN, 1858)

IUCN Red List - Calliophis bibroni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesBibron's Coral Snake 
SynonymElaps bibroni JAN 1858: 526
Elaps cerasinus BEDDOME 1864 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis cerasinus — BEDDOME 1867 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis bibronii — BOULENGER 1896: 399
Callophis bibroni — WALL 1906: 305
Callophis bibroni — SMITH 1943: 425
Calliophis bibroni — WELCH 1994: 39
Calliophis bibroni — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Calliophis bibroni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 144 
DistributionSW India (S Karnataka, Kerala, NW Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: “Western Ghats”  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.93, formerly (in error), now BMNH (C. cerasinus); MNHN-RA 5070 (see Deepak et al. 2010 for a discussion of type issues) 

Variation: see Deepak et al. (2010) for color variants. 
EtymologyNamed after Gabriel Bibron (1806-1848), French zoologist. 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1864. Description of a new species of Elaps from Malabar. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 179 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Deepak, V.; Harikrishnan, S.; Vasudevan, K. & Smith, E.N. 2010. Redescription of Bibron's coral snake, Calliophis bibroni Jan 1858 with notes and new records from south of the Palghat and Shencottah Gaps of the Western Ghats, India. Hamadryad 35 (1): 1-10
  • Jan, G. 1858. Plan d'une iconographie descriptive des ophidiens et description sommaire de nouvelles espèces des serpents. Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris (2) 10: 438-449, 514-527 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Raveendran, Dileep Kumar; Deepak V, Eric Nelson Smith, Utpal Smart 2017. A new colour morph of Calliophis bibroni (Squamata: Elapidae) and evidence for Müllerian mimicry in Tropical Indian Coralsnakes Herpetology Notes 10: 209-217 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smith, E.N.; KELUM MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & RUCHIRA SOMAWEERA 2008. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1847: 19–33 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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