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Calliophis castoe SMITH, OGALE, DEEPAK & GIRI, 2012

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCastoe’s coralsnake 
SynonymCalliophis castoe SMITH, OGALE, DEEPAK & GIRI 2012
Callophis nigrescens — PHIPSON 1887: 245
Callophis nigrescens — VIDAL 1890: 65–66 (part)
Hemibungarus nigrescens var. khandallensis — WALL 1913: 638 (part)
Hemibungarus nigrescens — WALL 1928: 22, 35 (part)
Hemibungarus nigrescens variety A — WALL 1928: 36
Calliophis castoe — WALLACH et al. 2014: 144 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka), elevation 0-750 m

Type locality: Amboli, Sindhudurg district, Maharashtra, India, [ca. 715 m elevation] (ca. 15.958790° N 73.994686° E).  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BNHM = BNHS (Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, Maharashtra, India) 3461, an adult male, collected 12 September 2009 by Hemant Ogale (Figs. 3–4, 6–7). Paratypes (2). BNHS 2191, an adult male from Karwar, Karwar (Uttara Kannada district), Karnataka, India, (ca. 15 m) (ca. 14.804947° N 74.133317° E), collected between 1880 and 1887 by G. Vidal (1907 date of collection in BNHS catalogue in error, specimen reported by Phipson in 1887 and Vidal in 1890) (Fig. 5). BNHS 3474, a subadult female from Ambe Ghat, South Goa district, Goa, India, 295 m (15.06400° N 74.16578° E), collected 30 June 2010 by Ravindra Bhambure, Harish Kulkarni, and Varad B. Giri (Fig. 2). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after Todd A. Castoe, “a talented and prolific scientist, and a partner in the study of coralsnake and pitviper systematics”. The first author has worked on venomous snakes with him and shared “coralsnake trips” to Colombia, México and India. “During a trip to India, we first examined and realized the uniqueness of the species herein described. Because the Latin word castus means pure, the specific epithet is also reminiscent of the unmarked dorsum characteristic of the species.” 
References
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2013. Liste der im Jahr 2012 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (3): 52-67 - get paper here
  • Raveendran, Dileep Kumar; Deepak V, Eric Nelson Smith, Utpal Smart 2017. A new colour morph of Calliophis bibroni (Squamata: Elapidae) and evidence for Müllerian mimicry in Tropical Indian Coralsnakes Herpetology Notes 10: 209-217 - get paper here
  • SMITH, ERIC N.; HEMANT OGALE, V. DEEPAK & VARAD B. GIRI 2012. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the west coast of peninsular India. Zootaxa 3437: 51–68 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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