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Calloselasma rhodostoma (KUHL, 1824)

IUCN Red List - Calloselasma rhodostoma - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCalloselasma rhodostoma rhodostoma (KUHL 1824)
Calloselasma rhodostoma annamensis (ANGEL 1933) 
Common NamesE: Malayan Pit Viper
G: Malaiische Mokassin-Grubenotter 
Synonym[Trigonocephalus] rhodostoma KUHL 1824: 80
Trigonocephalus rhodostoma BOIE 1827
Leiolepis rhodostoma — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1500
[Calloselasma] rhodostomus — COPE 1860: 336
Agkistrodon rhodostoma — DE ROOIJ 1917: 279
Agkistrodon rhodostoma — COCHRAN 1930
Ancistrodon annamensis ANGEL 1933
Agkistrodon rhodostoma — SWORDER 1933
Ancistrodon rhodostoma — SMITH 1943: 497
Agkistrodon annamensis — BOURRET 1936
Calloselasma rhodostoma — WELCH 1994: 41
Calloselasma rhodostoma — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 404
Calloselasma rhodostoma — COX et al. 1998: 19
Calloselasma rhodostoma — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 272
Calloselasma rhodostoma — SANG et al. 2009
Calloselasma rhodostoma — WALLACH et al. 2014: 146 
DistributionS Vietnam (Binh Thuan etc.), Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, W Malaysia, Indonesia (Java)

annamensis: SE Cambodia, Vietnam; Type locality: "Sud Annam: Vinh-Hoa, dans Ie Binh- Thuan (altitude: 30 m)" [Vinh Hoa, Annam, southern Vietnam].

Type locality: Java Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous; the eggshells of this species are very thin and thus may represent reversibility of viviparity. 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 1510.
Holotype: MNHN 1933-23 [annamensis] 
CommentVenomous!

The first use of the name “rhodostoma” apparently was by H. Boie in an unpublished manuscript (Erpétologie de Java) which was cited in F. Boie's (1827)
work. However, Kuhl (1824) actually publishid a formal description in 1824.

Type species: Trigonocephalus rhodostoma KUHL 1824: 80 is the type species of the genus Calloselasma COPE 1860 (1859). 
References
  • Angel, F. 1933. Une vipère nouvelle de l’Annam. Bulletin du Museum d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Série 2) 5(4): 277–278
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis van Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Bulian, J. 2003. Notizen zu einem Gelege von Calloselasma rhodostoma (BOIE 1827). Sauria 25 (3): 17-19 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter, Truong Quang Nguyen, Nikolay A. Poyarkov & Wolfgang Böhme 2011. New records of snakes from Cat Tien National Park, Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter; Alexander R. Krohn, Daniel Rennert 2011. Herpetofaunal records in coastal dune areas, Binh Thuan Province, Southern Vietnam, with the rediscovery of Oligodon macrurus Angel, 1927. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (4): 317–324 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Grismer, Thomas R. Szutz and Timothy M. Youmans 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., Neang, T., Chav, T. & Grismer, J.L. 2008. Checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the Cardamom region of Southwestern Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2008(1): 12–28 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Koch, F. 1991. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Zucht der Malayen - Mokassinotter Calloselasma rhodostoma (Boie, 1827). Sauria 13 (3): 17-21 - get paper here
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Kuhl,H. 1824. Sur les reptiles de Java. Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris 2: 79-83 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • ONN, CHAN KIN; L. LEE. GRISMER, DIONYSIUS S. SHARMA, DAICUS BELABUT, and NORHAYATI AHMA 2009. New herpetofaunal records for Perlis State Park and adjacent areas. Malayan Nature Journal 61 (4): 255 - 262
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P.; Chimsunchart, C. & Thirakhupt, K. 2003. Reptiles of Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand: a list of species, with natural history notes, and a discussion on the biogeography at the Isthmus of Kra. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 3 (1): 23-53 - get paper here
  • Pauwels,O.S.G. et al. 2000. Herpetological investigations in Phang-Nga Province, southern Peninsular Thailand, with a list of reptile species and notes on their biology. Dumerilia 4 (2): 123-154 - get paper here
  • SACHA, M. 2015. Herpetoreisen in Thailand: Erste Eindrücke aus Krabi Sauria 37 (3): 43-55 - get paper here
  • Saint Girons, Hubert 1972. Notes sur l'Ecologie des Serpents du Cambodge. Zoologische Mededelingen 47: 65-87 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1914. Distribution of Ancistrodon rhodostoma, the Malayan Viper, in Siam. J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 1: 57-8.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • STRINE, Colin T.; Curt BARNES, lues SILVA, Bartosz NADOLSKI, Taksin ARTCHAWAKOM, Jacques G. HILL, Pongthep SUWANWAREE 2015. First Record of Male Combat in a Wild Malayan Pit Viper (Calloselasma rhodostoma). Asian Herpetological Research 6 (3): 237
  • Stuart, B.; Sok, K. & Neang, T. 2006. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from hilly Eastern Cambodia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 54 (1): 129-155 - get paper here
  • Stuart, B.L. & Emmett, D.A. 2006. A Collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Fieldiana Zool. N.S. (109): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Sworder, G.H. 1933. Notes on some reptiles from the Malay Peninsula. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 8: 101-105
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Visser 2015. Asian Pitvipers. Breeding Experience & Wildlife. Frankfurt am Main, Edition Chimaira, 571 pp. ISBN 978-3-89973-450-8
  • Vonk, F.J. & Richardson, M.K. 2008. Serpent clocks tick faster. Nature 454: 282-283
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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