Calotes grandisquamis GÜNTHER, 1875
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Calotes grandisquamis?
|Higher Taxa||Agamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Large Scaled Forest Lizard|
|Synonym||Calotes grandisquamis GÜNTHER 1875: 226|
Calotes grandisquamis — BOULENGER 1885: 325
Calotes grandisquamis — SMITH 1935: 200
Calotes grandisquamis — WERMUTH 1967: 37
Calotes grandisquamis — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 37
|Distribution||India (Anaimalai, Bramagherry Hills, Travancore; S Western Ghats, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)|
Type locality: at the foot of the Canoot Ghat, near Manantoddy, Bramagherry Hills (fide SMITH 1935).
|Types||Types: BMNH 19188.8.131.52-47 (and possibly additional specimens).|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis and comparison. A large sized Calotes (SVL up to 136.5 mm) characterized by the posterodorsal orientation of lateral scales; antehumeral fold absent; 27–35 midbody scale rows; nuchal and dorsal crest well developed, continuous, nuchal crest composed of long, curved spines, dorsal spines smaller, gradually reducing in length and reaches till above the tail base; row of 3–4 compressed supratympanic spines; postorbital spine absent; a crescent-shaped patch of granular scales in front of the shoulder present; dorsal and lateral scales large, smooth, subtriangular, ventral scales keeled, mucronate; paired postmentals, first pair separated by a single median scale; 22–25 subdigital lamellae under fourth finger, 27–30 subdigital lamellae under fourth toe; 10 supralabials and 9–10 infralabials; green above, often with 2–3 broad black transverse bars on the lateral side, lateral side of head darker, blackish, ventral pale green.|
Calotes grandisquamis can be distinguished from members of Smith’s C. versicolor group by a combination of the following characters: larger body size: adult SVL 110.0–136.5 mm, n=5 (vs. C. versicolor, adult SVL 73.8–99.4 mm, n=9 and C. calotes, adult SVL 73.6–96.8 mm, n=3); 27–35 midbody scale rows (30–35 in C. calotes, n=3; 38–44 in C. versicolor; 58–63 in C. maria; 45–57 in C. jerdoni; 49–65 in C. emma; 48–58 in C. mystaceus and 48– 60 in C. minor); nuchal crest well developed with much longer spines than dorsal spines (vs. nuchal and dorsal crest well developed, composed of almost equal spines in C. versicolor and C. mystaceus; nuchal spines long, dorsal crest reduced in C. maria ); row of 3–4 compressed supratympanic spines (vs. two well separated supratympanic spines in C. versicolor and 8–9 compressed spines in C. calotes, two parallel rows of compressed supratympanic scales in C. maria and C. jerdoni; single well developed postorbital spine in C. emma); presence of a crescent-shaped patch of granular scales in front of the shoulder (vs. absent in C. versicolor, C. calotes and C. maria) and lateral scales much larger than ventrals (vs. almost equal to the ventrals in C. calotes). For distinguishing from C. nemoricola, see comparison section of C. nemoricola. (from Pal et al. 2018: 424)
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