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Calumma furcifer (VAILLANT & GRANDIDIER, 1880)

IUCN Red List - Calumma furcifer - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymChamaeleon furcifer VAILLANT & GRANDIDIER 1880
Chamaeleon chauvini METHUEN & HEWITT 1913
Calumma furcifer — KLAVER & BÖHME 1986
Calumma furcifer — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 250
Calumma furcifer — NECAS 1999: 278
Calumma furciferum — LUTZMANN & LUTZMANN 2004
Calumma furcifer — GLAW 2005
Calumma furciferum — SCHMIDT et al. 2010
Calumma furcifer — GLAW 2015 
DistributionCE Madagascar

Type locality: Cote Est de Madagascar Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MHNP 5539. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin word for “fork bearing”. Note that this species needs to be called furcifer because of a special rule in the “code” according to which epithets that end in -fer and -ger need to be treated as nouns, unless the author explicitely states something else (LUTZMANN, pers. comm.). 
  • Andreone, Franco, Fabio Mattioli, Riccardo Jesu and Jasmin E. Randrianirina 2001. Two new chameleons of the genus Calumma from north-east Madagascar, with observations on hemipenial morphology in the Calumma furcifer group (Reptilia, Squamata, Chamaeleonidae). The Herpetological Journal 11 (2):53-68
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. 2005. Babylonische Sprachverwirrung. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 12 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. & Lutzmann, H. 2004. Das grammatikalische Geschlecht der Gattung Calumma (Chamaeleonidae) und die nötigen Anpassungen einiger Art- und Unterartbezeichnungen. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 4-5 (Addendum in issue 5: 13) - get paper here
  • Methuen, P. A. & J. Hewitt 1913. On a collection of reptiles from Madagascar made during the year 1911. Ann. Transvaal Mus. 3 (4): 183-193. - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Parker,H.W. 1925. New and rare reptiles and batrachians from Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (9) 16: 390-394
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Vaillant, L & A. Grandidier 1880. Description d'une espéce nouvelle de Chamaeleon de Madagascar. Bull. Soc. philom. Paris (7) 11 (7): 148- 150. - get paper here
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