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Candoia superciliosa (GÜNTHER, 1863)

IUCN Red List - Candoia superciliosa - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Candoiinae, Candoiidae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCandoia superciliosa superciliosa (GÜNTHER 1863)
Candoia superciliosa crombiei SMITH et al. 2001 
Common NamesBelau Bevelnosed Boa; crombiei: Ngeaur Bevelnosed Boa 
SynonymEnygrus superciliosus GüNTHER 1863: 360
Enygrus carinatus var. superciliosus — KINGHORN 1928: 142
Enygrus carinatus (nec SCHNEIDER) — BOETTGER 1898: 111 (part;)
Enygrus carinatus — STERNFELD 1920: 423 (part)
Enygrus carinatus — DRYDEN & TAYLOR 1969: 271
Candoia superciliosa — SMITH et al. 2001
Candoia superciliosa — WALLACH et al. 2014: 148

Candoia superciliosa crombiei SMITH et al. 2001
Candoia superciliosa crombiei SMITH CHISZAR, TEPEDELEN & BREUKELEN 2001
Enygrus carinatus (nec SCHNEIDER) — STERNFELD 1920: 425 
DistributionPelew (= Palau = Belau) Islands

Type locality: "Pelew Islands."

crombiei: Type locality: Ngeaur Island, at the intersection ofthe west coast road and the road to Our Lady of the Rosary church (just N cemetery tumoff), S Ngaramasch village.  
Reproduction 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.1.16.47 (formerly 63.10.2.7) and 1946.1.16.50 (formerly 63.1 0.2.8). Presented by G. L. King. Date unknown.
Holotype: USNM 521718, juvenile male with everted hemipenes. Taken 31 July 1996 by Ronald 1. Crombie [crombiei] 
CommentDistribution: not on the Solomon island (McCoy 2015). Until recently the species was considered a subspecies of Candoia carinata, which is found throughout most of the Solomon Islands archipelago (Harlow and Shine 1992). It is now a full species, but due to a lack of specific data, much of the available information refers to Candoia carinata (Smith et al 2001, O. Tallowin in IUCN 2012 and pers. comm., 23 Nov 2016). 
EtymologyThe name superciliosa presumably refers to the much enlarged supraocular scales, characteristic of the species. 
References
  • Boettger, O. 1898. Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt/M. 2.Teil (Schlangen). [type catalogue] Frankfurt/M (Gebr. Knauer), i-ix + 1-160. - get paper here
  • Dryden,G.L. & TAYLOR,E.H. 1969. Reptiles from the Mariana and Caroline Islands. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 48 (8): 269-279 - get paper here
  • Günther. A. 1863. Third account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 348 - 365 - get paper here
  • Harlow, P. and R. Shine. 1992. Food habits and reproductive biology of the Pacific Island boas (Candoia). J. Herp. 26 (1): 60-66
  • Kinghorn, J. R. 1928. Notes on Some Reptiles and Batrachians from the Northern Division of Papua, With Descriptions of New Species of Apisthocalamus and Lygosoma. Rec. Austral. Mus. 16: 289-293. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham and Robert W. Henderson 2018. Boas of the World (Superfamily Booidae): A Checklist With Systematic, Taxonomic, and Conservation Assessments. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Sep 2018, Vol. 162, No. 1: 1-58. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M.; Chiszar, D.; Tepedelen, K. & van Breukelen, F. 2001. A revision of bevdelnosed boas (Candoia carinata complex) (Reptilia: Serpentes). Hamadryad 26 (2): 283-315
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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