Carlia longipes (MACLEAY, 1877)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Carlia longipes?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Closed-litter Rainbow-skink|
|Synonym||Heteropus longipes MACLEAY 1877: 66|
Heteropus cheverti MACLEAY 1877: 67
Leiolopisma fuscum — MITCHELL 1953 (fide COGGER 1983)
Carlia longipes — COGGER 1983: 138
Carlia longipes — COGGER 2000: 394
Carlia longipes — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008
|Distribution||Australia (eastern Queensland: coastal areas between Cape Melville (14°10'S, 144°30'E) and Gordonvale (17°06'S, 145°47'E), S Papua New Guinea|
Type locality: Endeavour River, Qld. (approx. 15°27'S, 145°14'E).
|Reproduction||Oviparous. Incubating eggs of the tropical skink (Carlia longipes; pictured) at different temperatures results in hatchlings with legs adapted for different terrains (Goodman et al. 2013).|
|Types||Holotype: AMS (AM) R31878|
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31868-70, from Darnley Is., Torres Strait, Qld. [Heteropus variegatus]
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31875-6, from Barrow Is., Qld. [Heteropus cheverti]
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31871-5, from Darnley Is., Torres Strait, Qld. [Heteropus quinquecarinatus]
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31879-81, from Cape Grenville, Qld. [Heteropus sexdentatus]
Holotype: QM presumed lost (probably from Cape York, Qld.), see Covacevich (1971) [Heteropus maculatus]
Holotype: QM presumed lost (probably from Cape York, Qld.), see Covacevich (1971) [Heteropus rubricatus]
Holotype: QM J230, from Cardwell, Qld. [Heteropus rostralis]
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis: Carlia longipes most closely resembles C. sexdentata from which it is here separated. The two species are most readily distinguished by the colour pattern of adult males (compare Figs 6a, c & d with Figs 9a, d & f) and the nature of the ear lobules (Figs 7a–d & Figs 10a–d). (in C. longipes the dark midlateral zone between the ear and shoulder is well-defined and contrasting sharply with the lower neck colouration vs not contrasting sharply with lower neck colour; in C. longipes the ear aperture is completely surrounded by sharply pointed lobules vs usually a series of well-developed lobules on anterior margin often producing a distinctive comb-like effect, lobules poorly to moderately developed on other surfaces of ear). Carlia longipes lacks the dorsal and lateral pattern seen in C. quinquecarinata (large, longitudinally aligned, dark-edged, pale dashes on the dorsum and a broken midlateral line). Carlia longipes need only be distinguished from other species of Carlia with a smoothly rounded posterior edge to the midbody scales. It is distinguished from C. munda and C. tetradactyla by the nature of its ear lobules (sharply pointed on all surfaces of the ear aperture vs small and rounded); from C. rimula by its greater midbody scale count and larger size (32–36 vs ≤ 30; max SVL = 68.8mm vs 39mm); from C. rhomboidalis and C. rubrigularis by the state of the interparietal scale (free vs fused); from C. rostralis by its ear lobules and male breeding colours (sharply pointed lobules on all surfaces of the ear aperture vs well-developed lobules only present on anterior margin; males with pale throat vs black throat). Of the above listed species, its broad distribution only overlaps with C. munda, C. rostralis and C. rubrigularis. Whether it overlaps with C. sexdentata remains unclear. The two species may be mutually exclusive but, if so, the northern limit for C. longipes is in close proximity to the southern limit for C. sexdentata [from DONNELLAN et al. 2009].|
|Comment||Synonymy after COGGER 1983 who also synonymizes Heteropus rostralis DE VIS 1885 with Carlia longipes.|
Synonymy: Heteropus sexdentatus MACLEAY 1877 and Heteropus quinquecarinatus MACLEAY 1877 have been revalidated; Heteropus maculatus DE VIS 1885, Heteropus variegatus MACLEAY 1877, and Heteropus rubricatus DE VIS 1885 have been synonymized with Carlia sexdentata by DONNELLAN et al. 2009.