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Carlia longipes (MACLEAY, 1877)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesClosed-litter Rainbow-skink 
SynonymHeteropus longipes MACLEAY 1877: 66
Heteropus cheverti MACLEAY 1877: 67
Leiolopisma fuscum — MITCHELL 1953 (fide COGGER 1983)
Carlia longipes — COGGER 1983: 138
Carlia longipes — COGGER 2000: 394
Carlia longipes — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (eastern Queensland: coastal areas between Cape Melville (14°10'S, 144°30'E) and Gordonvale (17°06'S, 145°47'E), S Papua New Guinea

Type locality: Endeavour River, Qld. (approx. 15°27'S, 145°14'E).  
ReproductionOviparous. Incubating eggs of the tropical skink (Carlia longipes; pictured) at different temperatures results in hatchlings with legs adapted for different terrains (Goodman et al. 2013). 
TypesHolotype: AMS (AM) R31878
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31868-70, from Darnley Is., Torres Strait, Qld. [Heteropus variegatus]
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31875-6, from Barrow Is., Qld. [Heteropus cheverti]
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31871-5, from Darnley Is., Torres Strait, Qld. [Heteropus quinquecarinatus]
Syntypes: AMS (AM) R31879-81, from Cape Grenville, Qld. [Heteropus sexdentatus]
Holotype: QM presumed lost (probably from Cape York, Qld.), see Covacevich (1971) [Heteropus maculatus]
Holotype: QM presumed lost (probably from Cape York, Qld.), see Covacevich (1971) [Heteropus rubricatus]
Holotype: QM J230, from Cardwell, Qld. [Heteropus rostralis] 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983 who also synonymizes Heteropus rostralis DE VIS 1885 with Carlia longipes.

Synonymy: Heteropus sexdentatus MACLEAY 1877 and Heteropus quinquecarinatus MACLEAY 1877 have been revalidated; Heteropus maculatus DE VIS 1885, Heteropus variegatus MACLEAY 1877, and Heteropus rubricatus DE VIS 1885 have been synonymized with Carlia sexdentata by DONNELLAN et al. 2009. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Covacevich, J. 1971. Amphibian and reptile type specimens in the Queensland Museum. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 16: 49-68
  • De Vis, C. W. 1885. A conspect of the genus Heteropus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 166-173 - get paper here
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • DONNELLAN, S.C.; P.J. COUPER, K. M. SAINT & L. WHEATON 2009. Systematics of the Carlia ‘fusca’ complex (Reptilia: Scincidae) from northern Australia. Zootaxa 2227: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Goodman, Brett A.; Lin Schwarzkopf and Andrew K. Krockenberger, 2013. Phenotypic Integration in Response to Incubation Environment Adaptively Influences Habitat Choice in a Tropical Lizard. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Ingram G; Covacevich J 1989. Revision of the genus Carlia (Reptilia, Scincidae) in Australia with comments on Carlia bicarinata of New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27 (2): 443-490
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1953. A brief revision of the four-fingered members of the genus Leiolopisma (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 11: 75-90 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Zug,G. R. 2004. Systematics of the Carlia “fusca” lizards (Squamata: Scincidae) of New Guinea and Nearby Islands. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. 5: 1-83
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