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Chalcides polylepis BOULENGER, 1890

IUCN Red List - Chalcides polylepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Many-scaled Cylindrical Skink, Multiscaled Skink
G: Vielschuppiger Walzenskink, Marokko-Walzenskink 
SynonymChalcides ocellatus var. polylepis BOULENGER 1890: 445
Chalcides ocellatus polylepis forma guttolineata WERNER 1931
Chalcides ocellatus polylepis — HEDIGER 1935
Chalcides polylepis — LANZA 1957
Chalcides ocellatus forme polylepis — BONS 1959
Chalcides polylepis — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 345
Chalcides polylepis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionMorocco; Canary Islands (Fuerteventura), Western Sahara

Type locality: Morocco, Morocco city, Casablanca.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH (Boulenger 1890 mentions 9 specimens) 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: partly fide TIEDEMANN 1994. Chalcides simonyi was originally classified as Ch. polylepis occidentalis (LANZA 1957) but is now considered as a valid species by several authors (BROWN & PERSTANO 1998) based on molecular data. 
EtymologyFrom Greek “polys” = many, “lepis” = scale; in comparison with Chalcides ocellatus it has more scales around midtrunk. 
References
  • Bischoff, W. 1985. Die Herpetofauna der Kanarischen Inseln. III. Die Skinke der Gattung Chalcides. Herpetofauna 7 (36): 13-21 - get paper here
  • Bons, J. 1959. Les lacertiliens du sud-ouest Marocain; systematique, repartition geographique, ethologie, ecologie. Instit. Sci. Cherifien, Rabat, Trav. (Ser. Zool.) no. 18 130 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1890. On the varieties of Chalcides ocellatus, Forsk. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 5: 444-445 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
  • BROWN, R.P. and J. PESTANO 1998. Phylogeography of skinks (Chalcides) in the Canary Islands inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Ecology 7: 1183-1191 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E.N. Arnold, Ph. Geniez, J. Roca and J.A. Mateo 2008. Radiation, multiple dispersal and parallelism in the skinks, Chalcides and Sphenops (Squamata: Scincidae), with comments on Scincus and Scincopus and the age of the Sahara Desert. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (3): 1071-1094 - get paper here
  • Geniez, P.; Mateo, J.A.; Geniez, M. & Pether, J. 2004. The amphibians and reptiles of the Western Sahara (former Spanish Sahara) and adjacent regions. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 228 pp. [reviewed in Reptilia GB 44: 81]
  • Hediger, H. 1935. Herpetologische Beobachtungen in Marokko. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel 46: 1-49
  • Lanza,B. 1957. Su alcuni "Chalcides" del Marocco (Reptilia: Scincidae). Monit. Zool. Italiano 65: 85-98
  • Mediani, Mohamed; José Carlos Brito, Soumia Fahd 2015. Atlas of the amphibians and reptiles of northern Morocco: updated distribution and patterns of habitat selection. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Rogner, Manfred 1997. Die Chalcides-Arten der Kanarischen Inseln. DATZ 50 (1): 116-119
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
 
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