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Chamaeleo laevigatus GRAY, 1863

IUCN Red List - Chamaeleo laevigatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSmooth chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleon laevigatus GRAY 1863
Chamaeleon laevigatus — GRAY 1865: 346
Chamaelio laevigatus — BLANFORD 1870: 445
Chamaeleon sphaeropholis REICHENOW 1887: 370
Chamaeleo vulgaris - PARENTI & PICAGLIA 1886
Chamaeleo senegalensis - DEL PRATO 1895
Chamaeleon senegalensis var. laevigatus — GÜNTHER 1895: 524
Chamaeleon senegalensis laevigatus — SCHMIDT 1919: 580
Chamaeleo laeviceps - PASQUAL 1937
Chamaeleo laevigatus — KLAVER & BÖHME 1986
Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) laevigatus — NECAS 1999: 142
Chamaeleo laevigatus — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Chamaeleo laevigatus — TILBURY 2010: 510 
DistributionBurundi, Rwanda, Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, N/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Central African Republic, Zambia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Cameroon

Type locality: 500 miles south of Khartoum, Sudan. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.22.5-6 (2 specimens). 
CommentNot listed for Cameroon by GONWOUO et al. 2006. CHIRIO & INEICH (2006) assigned specimens of C. laevigatus reported by JOGER (1990) to the CAR to C. senegalensis. 
References
  • Blanford, W.T. 1870. Observations of the geology and zoology of Abyssinia, made 1867-68. McMillan (London), xii + 487 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1863. Notice on a new species of Chamaeleon sent from Khartoum by Mr. Consul Patherick. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1863: 94-95. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1863. On a new species of Chamaeleon. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 12: 248. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. Revision of the genera and species of Chamaeleonidae, with the description of some new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 15: 340-354 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1895. Notice of Reptiles and Batrachians collected in the eastern half of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 15: 523-529. - get paper here
  • Klaver,C. & BÖHME,W. 1986. Phylogeny and classification of the Chamaeleonidae (Sauria), with special reference to hemipenis morphology. Bonn. zool. Monogr. 22: 1-64. - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Pasqual, J. H. 1937. The chamaeleons of Nigeria. Nigerian Field 6 (1): 32-34.
  • Perret, J. L. 1957. Découverte de la femelle Chamaeleo quadricornis Tornier et nore sur les Camélèons du Cameroun. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 64 (4): 79-89 - get paper here
  • Reichenow, A. 1887. Neue Wirbelthiere des Zoologischen Museums in Berlin. Zool. Anz. 10: 369- 372. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld,R. 1917. Reptilia und Amphibia. In: Schubotz, H. (Hrsg.): Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition, 1910-1911 unter Führung Adolph Friedrichs, Herzog zu Mecklenburg. Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, [Band] 1, Zoologie, Lieferung 11; S. 407-510. - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
  • Tolley, K. & Burger, M. 2007. Chameleons of Southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town,100 pp.
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Uetz, P. 1983. Bemerkungen zur Inkubation von Chamaeleo laevigatus unter künstlichen Bedingungen. Herpetofauna 5 (22): 26-27. - get paper here
  • Werner,F. 1919. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der mit Unterstützung der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien aus der Erbschaft Treitl von F. Werner unternommenen zoologischen Expedition nach dem Anglo-Aegyptischen Sudan (Kordofan) 1914. IV. Bearbeitung de Denkschr. Akad. Wiss Wien, Math.-Naturw. Klasse 96: 437-509 - get paper here
 
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