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Chelonoidis darwini (VAN DENBURGH, 1907)

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesJames Island Giant Tortoise 
SynonymTestudo darwini VAN DENBURGH 1907: 4
Testudo wallacei ROTHSCHILD 1902:619 (partim, nomen dubium)
Testudo elephantopus darwini — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Geochelone elephantopus darwini — PRITCHARD 1967
Geochelone nigra darwini — IVERSON 1992
Chelonoidis nigra darwini — DAVID 1994
Geochelone elephantopus darwini — SWASH & STILL 2000
Geochelone darwini — CISNEROS-HEREDIA 2006
Geochelone darwini — POULAKAKIS et al. 2008
Chelonoidis darwini — RHODIN et al. 2010
Chelonoidis darwini — TTWG 2014: 395
Chelonoidis darwini — TTWG 2017: 126 
DistributionEcuador: Galapagos (James = San Salvador Island)

Type locality: James Island [San Salvador, Santiago].  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: CAS 8108 
CommentConservation: IUCN: Endangered C2a (1996), as Chelonoidis nigra darwini; CITES: Appendix I, as Chelonoidis nigra.

Taxonomy: This is a member of the Chelonoidis nigra species complex, variably considered as a subspecies of C. nigra or as valid species. Rhodin et al. (2010) listed them separately but under the heading “C. nigra species complex”. 
References
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