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Chelonoidis nigra (QUOY & GAIMARD, 1824)

IUCN Red List - Chelonoidis nigra - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Charles Island Giant Tortoise
G: Elefantenchildkröte; Galapagos-Riesenschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo nigra QUOY & GAIMARD 1824 (nomen novum)
Testudo californiana QUOY & GAIMARD 1824 (nomen oblitum)
Testudo elephantopus HARLAN 1827 (nomen dubium)
Testudo Nigra — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 115
Testudo Nigra — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 221
Testudo planiceps GRAY 1854 (non T. planiceps SCHOEPFF 1792)
Testudo planiceps GRAY 1855: 135 (nomen dubium)
Testudo elephantopus — GÜNTHER 1874: 312
Testudo galapagoensis BAUR 1889:1044
Testudo nigra — BOULENGER 1889
Testudo clivosa GARMAN 1917 (nomen dubium)
Testudo typica GARMAN 1917 (nomen dubium)
Testudo elephantopus elephantopus — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Geochelone elephantopus elephantopus — PRITCHARD 1967
Chelonoidis elephantopus elephantopus — OBST 1985
Geochelone elephantopus — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Geochelone nigra — KING & BURKE 1989
Chelonoidis nigra — DAVID 1994
Chelonoidis nigra nigra — DAVID 1994
Geochelone elephantopus elephantopus — SWASH & STILL 2000
Geochelone elephantopus — SWASH & STILL 2000
Geochelone elephantopus — VALVERDE 2004
Chelonoidis nigra — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Chelonoidis nigra — GERLACH (pers. comm.)
Chelonoidis nigra — LE et al. 2006
Geochelone elephantopus — POULAKAKIS et al. 2008
Chelonoidis nigra — RHODIN et al. 2010
Chelonoidis elephantopus — GARRICK et al. 2012
Chelonoidis niger — OLSON & DAVID 2014
Chelonoidis nigra — TTWG 2014: 394 
DistributionEcuador (Galapagos: Charles [Floreana] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesType: BMNH 1947.3.4.90 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentTaxonomy: This is a member of the Chelonoidis nigra species complex (formerly Geochelone elephantopus). Rhodin et al. (2010) listed the various forms/subspecies separately but under the heading “C. nigra species complex”.

Synonymy: mostly after RHODIN et al. 2010.

Conservation: This species and Testudo galapagoensis are extinct now. See also extensive comment in KING & BURKE 1989. IUCN: Extinct (1996), as Chelonoidis nigra nigra; CITES: Appendix I.

Size: wight up to 400 kg

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
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