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Chelonoidis vandenburghi (DESOLA, 1930)

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVolcán Alcedo Giant Tortoise, Alcedo Volcano Giant Tortoise
guntheri: Sierra Negra Giant Tortoise 
SynonymTestudo vandenburghi DESOLA 1930
Geochelone elephantopus vandenburghi — PRITCHARD 1967
Geochelone vandenburghi — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Geochelone nigra vandenburghi — IVERSON 1992: 250
Chelonoidis nigra vandenburghi — DAVID 1994
Geochelone elephantopus vandenburghi — SWASH & STILL 2000
Geochelone nigra vandenburghi — MÁRQUEZ et al. 2004
Geochelone vandenburghi — CISNEROS-HEREDIA 2006
Geochelone vandenburghi — POULAKAKIS et al. 2008
Chelonoidis vandenburghi — TTWG 2017: 131 
DistributionGalapagos (Volcan Alcedo on C Albemarle = Isabela);

Type locality: "Cowley Mountain ... the first mountain north of Villamil Mountain", Albemarle Island.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: CAS 8141 
Diagnosis 
CommentConservation: IUCN: Vulnerable D2 [TTWG 2017]

Taxonomy: This is a member of the Chelonoidis niger species complex, variably considered subspecies of C. nigra or as valid species. Rhodin et al. (2010), TTWG 2017 listed them separately but under the heading “C. niger species complex”. 
Etymology 
References
  • Cisneros-Heredia, D.F. 2006. Turtles of the Tiputini Biodiversity Station with remarks on the diversity and distribution of the Testudines from Ecuador. Biota Neotrop. 6 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • David, Patrick 1994. Liste des reptiles actuels du monde. I. Chelonii. Dumerilia 1: 7-127
  • deSola, C.R. 1930. The Liebespiel of Testudo vandenburghi, a new name for the mid-Albemarle Island Galapagos tortoise. Copeia 1930(3):79–80 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Iverson, J.B. 1992. A revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World. Richmond, Indiana, privately published, 363 pp.
  • Márquez, C.; Snell, H. & Snell, H. 2004. La Niña, El Niño, and the Giant Galapagos Tortoises of Isabela. Geochelone nigra vandenburghi. Reptilia (GB) (37): 27-30 - get paper here
  • Poulakakis, Nikos; Scott Glaberman, Michael Russello, Luciano B.Beheregaray, Claudio Ciofi, Jeffrey R. Powell and Adalgisa Caccone 2008. Historical DNA analysis reveals living descendants of an extinct species of Galápagos tortoise. PNAS 105 (40): 15464–15469
  • Pritchard, P.C.H. 1967. Scientific and common names of turtles of the world. Bulletin of the Ross Allen Reptile Institute 1967:1-10.
  • Swash, A. & Still, R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • TTWG; Anders G.J. Rhodin, John B. iverson, Roger Bour, Uwe Fritz, Arthur GeoRges, H. BRadley Shaffer, and Peter Paul van Dijk 2017. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (8th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Ed Chelonian Research Monographs 7:1–292. doi: 10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017 - get paper here
 
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