You are here » home advanced search Chelonoidis vicina

Chelonoidis vicina (GÜNTHER, 1874)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Chelonoidis vicina?

Add your own observation of
Chelonoidis vicina »

We have no photos, try to find some by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesIsabela Island Giant Tortoise 
SynonymTestudo vicina GÜNTHER 1874: 313
Testudo macrophyes GARMAN 1917: 273
Geochelone vicina — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Geochelone nigra vicina — IVERSON 1992: 250
Chelonoidis nigra vicina — DAVID 1994
Geochelone vicina — CISNEROS-HEREDIA 2006
Geochelone nigra — FRITZ & BININDA-EMONDS 2007
Geochelone vicina — POULAKAKIS et al. 2008
Chelonoidis vicina — RHODIN et al. 2010
Chelonoidis vicina — TTWG 2012: 277
Chelonoidis vicina — TTWG 2014: 396
Chelonoidis vicina — TTWG 2017: 132 
DistributionEcuador: Galapagos (S Albemarle = Isabela Island)

Type locality: Iguana Cove, South Albemarle Island [= Isabela].  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1947.3.4.90 
Diagnosis 
CommentConservation: IUCN: Endangered C2a (1996), as Chelonoidis nigra vicina; sometimes includes synonymized C. n. guentheri (Endangered C2a [1996]), C. n. microphyes (Vulnerable D1+2 [1996]), and C. n. vandenburghi (Vulnerable D2 [1996]); TFTSG Draft 2010: Vulnerable; CITES: Appendix I, as Chelonoidis nigra.

Taxonomy: This is a member of the Chelonoidis niger species complex, variably considered subspecies of C. nigra or as valid species. Rhodin et al. (2010), TTWG 2017 listed them separately but under the heading “C. niger species complex”. 
Etymologyvicina means similar, close, or related to; presumably referring to the similarity between species. 
References
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • Beheregaray, Luciano B.; Claudio Ciofi, Dennis Geist, James P. Gibbs, Adalgisa Caccone, and Jeffrey R. Powell 2003. Genes Record a Prehistoric Volcano Eruption in the Galápagos. Science 302: 75
  • Beheregaray, Luciano B.; James P. Gibbs; Nathan Havill; Thomas H. Fritts; Jeffrey R. Powell and Adalgisa Caccone 2004. Giant tortoises are not so slow: Rapid diversification and biogeographic consensus in the Galápagos. PNAS 101 (1): 6514–6519
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Caccone, Adalgisa; Gabriele Gentile; Catherine E. Burns; Erminia Sezzi; Windsong Bergman; Morgan Ruelle; Kristin Saltonstall and Jeffrey R. Powell 2004. Extreme difference in rate of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA evolution in a large ectotherm, Galápagos tortoises. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 794–798 - get paper here
  • Caccone, Adalgisa; George Amato; Oliver C. Gratry; John Behler and Jeffrey R. Powell 1999. A Molecular Phylogeny of Four Endangered Madagascar Tortoises Based on MtDNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12 (1): 1–9 - get paper here
  • Chiari, Ylenia; and Julien Claude 2011. Study of the Carapace Shape and Growth in Two Galápagos Tortoise Lineages. Journal of Morphology 272:379–386
  • Cisneros-Heredia, D.F. 2006. Turtles of the Tiputini Biodiversity Station with remarks on the diversity and distribution of the Testudines from Ecuador. Biota Neotrop. 6 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M.C., G. BIBRON & A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 9. Paris, XX + 440 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Fritz, Uwe and Olaf R.P. Bininda-Emonds 2007. When genes meet nomenclature: Tortoise phylogeny and the shifting generic concepts of Testudo and Geochelone. Zoology 110 (4): 298-307 [erratum in vol. 111 (1): 84] - get paper here
  • Garman, Samuel 1917. The Galapagos Tortoises. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 30 (4): 257-296 + 42 plates - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1855. Description of a new species of tortoise (Testudo planiceps), from the Galapagos islands. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 15: 134-136 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1874. Description of the living and extinct races of gigantic land-tortoises. Parts I. and II. introduction and the tortoises of the Galapagos islands. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 14: 311-313 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1875. Description of the living and extinct races of gigantic land-tortoises. Parts I. and II. introduction and the tortoises of the Galapagos islands. Phil Trans. Roy. Soc. 165:251-284 - get paper here
  • Higgins, P.J. & Rand, C. 1975. Galapagos reptiles: serum protein immunoelectrophoresis. [Dromicus slevini?]. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 50B: 637-638
  • Hill, W. 2004. Giant tortoises of the Galápagos Islands. Reptilia (GB) (37): 31-34 - get paper here
  • Joseph-Ouni M. 2003. Profiles of extinction #5: Charles Island Tortoise. Reptilia (GB) (31): 3 - get paper here
  • Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Profiles of Extinction #9. Narborough Island Tortoise. Reptilia (GB) (35): 3 - get paper here
  • Le, Minh; Christopher J. Raxworthy, William P. McCord and Lisa Mertz 2006. A molecular phylogeny of tortoises (Testudines: Testudinidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 450 (2): 517-531 - get paper here
  • Louis, Edward Emile, Jr. 1997. Genetic analysis of the Galapagos tortoise, Geochelone nigra: taxonomic relationships among subspecies and population assignment of captive individuals. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Texas<br />A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA, 207 pp.
  • Márquez, C.; Snell, H. & Snell, H. 2004. La Niña, El Niño, and the Giant Galapagos Tortoises of Isabela. Geochelone nigra vandenburghi. Reptilia (GB) (37): 27-30 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #14: North and South American Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (34): 47-50 - get paper here
  • Nicholls, H. 2004. One of a kind. Nature 429: 498-500
  • Parham, J.F. 2008. Rediscovery of an ‘‘extinct’’ Galápagos tortoise. PNAS 105: 15227–1522
  • Poulakakis, Nikos; Scott Glaberman, Michael Russello, Luciano B.Beheregaray, Claudio Ciofi, Jeffrey R. Powell and Adalgisa Caccone 2008. Historical DNA analysis reveals living descendants of an extinct species of Galápagos tortoise. PNAS 105 (40): 15464–15469
  • Quoy, J.R., and J.P. Gaimard. 1824. Zoologie. In: M.L. de Freycinet: Voyage Autour du Monde, Entrepris par le ministére et conformément aux instructions de s. exc. M. le Vicomte du Bouchage, Secrétaire d'etat au Department de la Marine, Exécuté sur les corvettes de S.M. l'Uranie et la Paris. iv + 712 pp. - get paper here
  • Russello, M.A.; Glaberman, S.; Gibbs, J.P.; Marquez, C.; Powell, J.R. & Caccone, A. 2005. A cryptic taxon of Galápagos tortoise in conservation peril. Biology Letters 1 : 287-290
  • Russello, M.A.; Hyseni, C.; Gibbs, J.P.; Cruz, S.; Marquez, C.; Tapia, W.; Velensky, P.; Powell, J.R. & Caccone, A. 2007. Lineage identification of Galapagos tortoises in captivity worldwide. Animal Conservation 10: 304–311
  • Sulloway, F.J. 2009. Tantalizing Tortoises and the Darwin-Galápagos Legend. Journal of the History of Biology (2009) 42:3–31
  • Swash, A. & Still, R. 2000. Birds, Mammals and Reptiles of the Galapagos Islands. Pica Press, 168 pp.
  • TTWG; Anders G.J. Rhodin, John B. iverson, Roger Bour, Uwe Fritz, Arthur GeoRges, H. BRadley Shaffer, and Peter Paul van Dijk 2017. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (8th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Pritchard, P.C.H., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Ed Chelonian Research Monographs 7:1–292. doi: 10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J.; van Dijk, P.P.; Iverson, J.B. & Shaffer, H.B. [turtle taxonomy working group] 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2004. Riesenschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (50): 20-28 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2004. Giant tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (37): 11-19 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2009. Südamerikanische Schildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (80): 16-27 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, John 1907. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. I. Preliminary descriptions of four new races of Gigantic Land Tortoises from the Galapagos Islands. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 1: 1-6 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, John 1914. Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Galapagos Islands, 1905-1906. X. The Gigantic Land Tortoises of the Galapagos Archipelago. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 2 (1): 203-374 +112 plates - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2006. Geochelone (Chelonoidis) nigra. Galapagos Tortoise (Quoy & Gaimard 1824). Reptilia (GB) (48): 43-46 - get paper here
  • Wilson, D.S. et al. 2003. Estimating age of turtles from growth rings: a critical evaluation of the technique. Herpetologica 59 (2): 178-194 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator