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Chilabothrus angulifer (COCTEAU & BIBRON, 1840)

IUCN Red List - Chilabothrus angulifer - Least Concern, LR

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Cuban Boa
G: Kuba-Schlankboa 
SynonymEpicrates angulifer COCTEAU & BIBRON 1840: 129
Epicrates angulifer — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 560
Epicrates angulifer — BOULENGER 1893: 96
Epicrates angulifer — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988: 219
Epicrates angulifer — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 601
Epicrates angulifer — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 194
Epicrates angulifer — GOWER et al. 2012: 61
Chilabothrus angulifer — REYNOLDS et al. 2013
Epicrates angulifer — WALLACH et al. 2014: 272
Chilabothrus angulifer — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 9 
DistributionCuba, Isla de la Juventud, Archipelago de los Canarreos,
Archipelago de los Colorados, Archipelago de Sabana-Camaguey

Type locality: Cuba.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 3292 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum SVL approaches 4000 mm (although Gundlach, 1880, reported specimens of 5-7 yds. total length); dorsal scale rows at midbody 53-69; ventrals 272-292 in males, 268-290 in females; subcaudals 45-55 in males, 46-54 in females; ventrals + subcaudals 321-347 in males, 316-339 in females; supralabials separated from eye; head scale formula* 3-3-4. Dorsal pattern of 42-65 appressed, angulate, dark brown to black markings on a yellowish to yellow-tan ground, but often (western Cuba) without any dark colors in dorsal pattern, and pattern composed of indeterminate number of medium brown to pale tan, much-fused markings; tail patternless above, or with up to 12 darker dorsal markings (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 601). 
CommentFor illustrations see Schwartz and Henderson, 1985; Mehrtens, 1987; Tolson, 1987.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Bakowskie, Ronny 2013. Über einen kleinen Tierpark im Nordosten Kubas. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (6): 46-48 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cocteau, J.-T. and G. Bibron 1838. Reptiles, in R. de la Sagra. Historia Física, Política y Natural de la Isla de Cuba, Tomo IV. Arthus Bertrand, Paris, 142 pp. [1838-1843 - index on page 143; but note that BHL has 1840 on the cover page of vol. IV] - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Esquerré, D & J S Keogh. 2016. Parallel selective pressures drive convergent diversification of phenotypes in pythons and boas. Ecology Letters, 19(7): 800-809 - get paper here
  • Geißler, L. 2005. Exkursionen im Westen Kubas. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 42-49 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Henderson, Robert W. and Angel Arias Barreto 2001. Epicrates angulifer Bibron Cuban Boa. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (734): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 6. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Polleck, R. 1988. Epicrates angulifer BIBRON, 1843. Sauria 10 (1) Suppl.: 097–098 - get paper here
  • Rehák, I., Šťáhlavská, I., Somerová, B. O., Šimková, O., & Frynta, D. 2022. A deep divergence and high diversity of mitochondrial haplotypes in an island snake: the case of Chilabothrus angulifer (Serpentes: Boidae). Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 85: 1–22, [2021] - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham and Robert W. Henderson 2018. Boas of the World (Superfamily Booidae): A Checklist With Systematic, Taxonomic, and Conservation Assessments. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Sep 2018, Vol. 162, No. 1: 1-58. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R.G.; Matthew L. Niemiller; S. Blair Hedges; Alex Dornburg; Alberto R. Puente-Rolón; Liam J. Revell 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • RODRÍGUEZ-CABRERA, TOMÁS M.; ALEJANDRO HERNÁNDEZ GÓMEZ & JAVIER TORRES. 2022. First recorded birth of suspected non-identical twins in the Cuban boa Chilabothrus angulifer. Herpetological Bulletin 160: 31–34. - get paper here
  • Rodríguez-Cabrera, Tomás M.; Ernesto Morell Savall, Sheila Rodríguez-Machado, Javier Torres 2020. Trophic Ecology of the Cuban Boa, Chilabothrus angulifer (Boidae). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (2): 169-200 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez-Cabrera, Tomás M.; Javier Torres López, Ruben Marrero, Ernesto Morell Savall, and Ana Sanz Ochotorena 2016. Sexual maturation in free-ranging Chilabothrus angulifer (Serpentes: Boidae). Phyllomedusa 15 (2): 163-174 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Dieter 2010. Vermehrung und Zucht von Riesenschlangen. Draco 11 (44): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and Ogren, L.H. 1956. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from Cuba, with the descriptionof two new forms. Herpetologica 12 (2): 91-110 - get paper here
  • Seixas, F., Morinha, F., Luis, C., Alvura, N. and Pires, M. A. 2020. DNA-validated parthenogenesis: first case in a captive Cuban boa (Chilabothrus angulifer). Salamandra 56: 83-86. - get paper here
  • Tolson, P.J. 1987. Phylogenetics of the boid snake genus Epicrates and Caribbean vicariance theory. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan (715): 1-68. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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