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Chilabothrus fordii (GÜNTHER, 1861)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesChilabothrus fordii fordii (GÜNTHER 1861)
Chilabothrus fordii agametus (SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974)
Chilabothrus fordii manototus (SCHWARTZ 1979) 
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Desert Boa, Ford’s Boa; agametus: Môle St.-Nicolas boa; manototus: Île à Caprit boa
G: Fords (Schlank-) Boa 
SynonymPelophilus fordii GÜNTHER 1861: 142
Pelophilus fordii GÜNTHER 1861: 189
Chilabothrus maculatus FISCHER 1888: 33
Epicrates fordi — BOULENGER 1893: 98
Epicrates fordi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 605
Epicrates fordii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 197
Chilabothrus fordi — REYNOLDS et al. 2013
Epicrates fordii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 273
Chilabothrus fordii fordii — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 11

Chilabothrus fordii agametus (SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974)
Epicrates fordii agametus SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974
Epicrates fordii agametus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Chilabothrus fordii agametus — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 11

Chilabothrus fordii manototus (SCHWARTZ 1979)
Epicrates fordi manototus SCHWARTZ 1979
Epicrates fordi manototus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988
Chilabothrus fordii manototus — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 11 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)

fordi: Plaine de Cul de Sac-Valle de Neiba in Haiti and Repûblica Dominicana; Cap-Haïtien in northern Haiti; Île de la Gonâve; Isla Saona. Type locality: "Western Africa"; restricted by Sheplan and Schwartz, 1974, to the vicinity of Port-au-Prince, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti, but corrected to "República Dominicana" by Wetherbee, 1987.

agametus: Haiti; Type locality: "Môle St.-Nicolas, Département du Nord-Ouest, Haiti.”

manototus: Haiti, Île à Cabrit; Type locality: "Île à Cabrit, Departement de l'Ouest, Haiti”  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.1.55
Holotype: MCZ 62656, adult male [agametus]
Holotype: CM 60519, adult female [manototus] 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum SVL 860 mm; dorsal scale rows 28-35 on neck, 31-39 at midbody; ventrals 231-261 in males, 236-259 in females; subcaudals 69-85 in males, 70-89 in females; ventrals + subcaudals 308-343 in males, 312-341 in females; head scale formula usually 3-1-3. Dorsal ground color light gray to grayish tan with 58-92 ovate or subcircular body blotches pale milk-chocolate brown to medium brown or, primarily in young snakes, reddish; blotches outlined in black and limned with paler gray; venter white with the central portion of each ventral suffused with gray; tail blotches 13-17 (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 605). 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran, 1941; Mehrtens, 1987; Tolson, 1987.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after George Henry Ford (1809-1876), a South African-born artist. Sir Andrew Smith employed him to make drawings and paintings of specimens he collected, and Ford was also employed by the Cape Town Museum (1825) and later at the British Museum. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Bulian,J. 1987. Epicrates fordii - eine Riesenschlange für kleine Terrarien. Herpetofauna 9 (48): 14-17 - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Einolf, S. 2008. Epicrates fordii - eine Riesenschlange in Miniaturausgabe. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 64-66 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. On a new species of the family Boidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 8: 189 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. On a new species of the family Boidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 142 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R. W. and R. Powell. 2004. Epicrates fordii. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (800): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Landestoy T., Miguel A.; R. Graham Reynolds & Robert W. Henderson 2021. A SMALL NEW ARBOREAL SPECIES OF WEST INDIAN BOA (BOIDAE; CHILABOTHRUS) FROM SOUTHERN HISPANIOLA. Breviora 571 (1): 1-20 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Powell, R. & Incháustegui, S.J. 2009. Conservation of the herpetofauna of the Dominican Republic. Applied Herpetology 6: 103–122 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham and Robert W. Henderson 2018. Boas of the World (Superfamily Booidae): A Checklist With Systematic, Taxonomic, and Conservation Assessments. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology Sep 2018, Vol. 162, No. 1: 1-58. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R.G.; Matthew L. Niemiller; S. Blair Hedges; Alex Dornburg; Alberto R. Puente-Rolón; Liam J. Revell 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Schulz, M. 2010. Epicrates fordii (GÜNTHER, 1861) im Terrarium. Elaphe 18 (2): 51-56
  • Schulz, Michaela & Marco Schulz 2010. Paarungsauslöser bei Riesenschlangen. Draco 11 (44): 18-22 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1979. The herpetofauna of Île à Cabrit, Haiti, with the description of two new subspecies. Herpetologica 35 (3): 248-255. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1988. West Indian Amphibian and Reptiles: A Checklist. Milwaukee Publ. Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol. No. 74: 264 pp. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Sheplan, B.R., and Schwartz, A. 1974. Hispaniolan boas of the genus Epicrates (Serpentes, Boidae) and their Antillean relationships. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 45:57-143.
  • Tolson, P.J. 1987. Phylogenetics of the boid snake genus Epicrates and Caribbean vicariance theory. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan (715): 1-68. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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