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Chilabothrus gracilis FISCHER, 1888

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesChilabothrus gracilis gracilis (FISCHER 1888)
Chilabothrus gracilis hapalus (SHEPLAN & SCHWARTZ 1974) 
Common NamesHispaniola Boa; gracilis: Dominican Republic vine boa; hapalus: Tiburon vine boa 
SynonymChilabothrus gracilis FISCHER 1888: 35
Epicrates gracilis — BOULENGER 1893: 98
Epicrates gracilis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 606
Epicrates gracilis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 197
Chilabothrus gracilis — REYNOLDS et al. 2013
Epicrates gracilis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 273 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic)

gracilis: Hispaniola; north of the Plaine de Cul de Sac-Valle de Neiba, but only from scattered localities. Type locality: Cap-Haïtien, Département du Nord, Haiti.

hapalus: Haiti; Tiburon Peninsula east to Port-au-Prince and Jacmel; specimens from the east coast of the Peninsula de Barahona may represent intergrades between the 2 subspecies. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: Formerly in ZMH, now destroyed.
Holotype: MCZ 125602 [hapalus] 
CommentFor illustrations see Cochran 1941; Henderson and Schwartz, 1984; Tolson, 1987. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “gracilis”, meaning small or lanky, or gracile. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Henderson, R.W.and R. Powell 2002. Epicrates gracilis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (754): 1-4 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Powell, R. & Incháustegui, S.J. 2009. Conservation of the herpetofauna of the Dominican Republic. Applied Herpetology 6: 103–122 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R.G.; Matthew L. Niemiller; S. Blair Hedges; Alex Dornburg; Alberto R. Puente-Rolón; Liam J. Revell 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Sheplan, B.R., and Schwartz, A. 1974. Hispaniolan boas of the genus Epicrates (Serpentes, Boidae) and their Antillean relationships. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 45:57-143.
  • Tolson, P.J. 1987. Phylogenetics of the boid snake genus Epicrates and Caribbean vicariance theory. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan (715): 1-68.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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