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Chilabothrus monensis (ZENNECK, 1898)

IUCN Red List - Chilabothrus monensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mona Island Boa; granti: Virgin Islands boa
G: Mona-Schlankboa 
SynonymEpicrates monensis ZENNECK 1898: 64
Epicrates gracilis monensis — STIMSON 1969
Epicrates monensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 608
Epicrates monensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 198
Chilabothrus monensis — REYNOLDS et al. 2013
Epicrates monensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 274
Chilabothrus monensis — RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES et al. 2015 
DistributionPuerto Rico (Mona Island)

Type locality: Mona Island, near Puerto Rico.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZMH, now destroyed 
CommentIllustrations: Grant, 1932; MacLean, 1982; Schwartz and Henderson, 1985; Tolson, 1987; Tolson, 1989.

Subspecies: Chilabothrus monensis granti (STULL 1933) has been elevated to full species status. 
References
  • Grant, C. 1932. Notes on the boas of Puerto Rico and Mona. J. Dept. Agr. Porto Rico. 16(3):327-29.
  • MacLean, W.P. 1982. Reptiles and amphibians of the Virgin Islands. MacMillan Caribbean, London:vii +54 pp.
  • Mayer,G.C. & Lazell,J. 1988. Distributional records for reptiles and amphibians from the Puerto Rico Bank. Herpetological Review 19 91): 23-24 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nellis,D.W.; Norton,,R.L. & MacLean,W.P. 1983. On the biogeography of the Virgin Island Boa, Epicrates monensis granti. Journal of Herpetology 17 (4): 413-417 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R.G.; Matthew L. Niemiller; S. Blair Hedges; Alex Dornburg; Alberto R. Puente-Rolón; Liam J. Revell 2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of West Indian boid snakes (Chilabothrus). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
  • Rodriguez-Robles, Javier A., Tereza Jezkova, Matthew K. Fujita, Peter J. Tolson, Miguel A. Garcia 2015. Genetic divergence and diversity in the Mona and Virgin Islands Boas, Chilabothrus monensis (Epicrates monensis) (Serpentes: Boidae), West Indian snakes of special conservation concern. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 88: 144-153; doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.019 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1985. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of the West Indies exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Mus., 165 pp.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stull, O.G. 1933. Two new subspecies of the family Boidae. Occasional Papers Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (267): 1-4.
  • Tolson, P.J. 1987. Phylogenetics of the boid snake genus Epicrates and Caribbean vicariance theory. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan (715): 1-68.
  • Tolson, P.J. 1989. Breeding the Virgin Islands boa Epicrates monensis granti at the Toledo Zoological Gardens. Int. Zoo Yrbk. 28:163-67.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zenneck, J. 1898. Die Zeichnung der Boiden. Zeitschr. Wiss. Zool. 64:1-384. - get paper here
 
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