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Chioninia spinalis (BOULENGER, 1906)

IUCN Red List - Chioninia spinalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesChioninia spinalis spinalis (BOULENGER 1906)
Chioninia spinalis boavistensis MIRALLES, VASCONCELOS, PERERA, HARRIS & CARRANZA 2010
Chioninia spinalis maioensis (MERTENS 1955)
Chioninia spinalis salensis (ANGEL 1935)
Chioninia spinalis santiagoensis MIRALLES, VASCONCELOS, PERERA, HARRIS & CARRANZA 2010 
Common Names 
SynonymMabuya spinalis BOULENGER 1906: 204
Mabuya stangeri spinalis — MERTENS 1955: 10
Mabuya stangeri — SCHLEICH 1984 (fide JOGER 1993)
Mabuya stangeri spinalis — SCHLEICH 1987: 30
Mabuya spinalis — GREER et al. 2000
Chioninia spinalis — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Mabuya spinalis — HERMANN et al. 2003

Chioninia spinalis boavistensis MIRALLES, VASCONCELOS, PERERA, HARRIS & CARRANZA 2010
Chioninia spinosa boavistensis — BRETZEL 2018 [in error]

Chioninia spinalis maioensis (MERTENS 1955)
Mabuya stangeri maioensis MERTENS 1955: 11
Mabuya stangeri maioensis — SCHLEICH 1987: 26

Chioninia spinalis salensis (ANGEL 1935)
Mabuia salensis ANGEL 1935: 168
Mabuya stangeri salensis — MERTENS 1955: 11 (part.)
Mabuya stangeri salensis — SCHLEICH 1982 (part.)
Mabuia salensis — BRYGOO 1985
Mabuya stangeri salensis — SCHLEICH 1987: 28 (part.)
Mabuya salensis — BREHM et al. 2001
Mabuya spinalis salensis — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Chioninia spinalis salensis — KÖHLER et al. 2007
Chioninia spinalis salensis — MIRALLES et al. 2010 
DistributionCape Verde Islands (Sal Island)

boavistensis: Cape Verde Islands (Boavista); Type locality: Sal Rei, Boavista, Cape Verde Islands.

maioensis: Cape Verde Islands (Maio); Type locality: “Maio, Kapverden”

spinalis: Type locality: “Igreya und S. Filippe, Fogo, Kapverden” fide Mertens 1955.

salensis: Cape Verde Islands (Sal); Type locality: “Ile Sal”

santiagoensis: Cape Verde Islands (Santiago); Type locality: Ilhéu, Santa Maria, off Praia, Santiago, Cape Verde Is.,  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1906.3.30.40, Igreja, Fogo, Cape Verde Is., collected L. Fea. Designation by Miralles et al. (2010). Paralectotype: MSNG 28168.
Holotype: BMNH 2000-44, Unsexed adult, Mateo & Geniez (1997) [boavistensis]
Holotype: MZH (Zoological Museum, University of Helsinki), given as Naturhistoriska Museet, Helsingfors, number unknown, Maio, Cape Verde Is., collected Panelius, 3.ii.1954 [maioensis]
Holotype: MNHN-RA 1935.0197 (by original designation); paratype: MNHN-RA 1935.0198, Île de Sal, Cape Verde Is., collected Chevalier, 1934 [salensis]
Holotype: BMNH 2000- 37, Adult female, Mateo & Geniez (1997). Paratypes: BMNH 2000-35, 36, 38; ULPGC (also as DBULPGC) 115; MZB 2010-0979, 2010-0962 to MZB [santiagoensis] 
Diagnosis 
CommentMabuya spinalis has been considered as a synonym of Mabuya stangeri (Gray 1845). JOGER 1993 reassigned species status to M. spinalis. 
Etymology 
References
  • Angel, F. 1935. Lézards des iles du Cap Vert, rapportés par M. le Professeur Chevalier. Description de deux espècies nouvelles. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 7:165—169
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1906. Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. Nat. Genova (3) 2: 196-216 - get paper here
  • Brehm, A.; J. Jesus; M. Pinheiro and D. J. Harris 2001. Relationships of Scincid Lizards (Mabuya spp; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Cape Verde Islands Based on Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19 (2): 311–316 - get paper here
  • Bretzel, Joachim 2018. Die Kapverden – ein herpetologischer Reisebericht Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (6): 48-58 - get paper here
  • Capocaccia, L. 1961. Catalogo dei tipi di Rettili del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova [MSNG]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria 72: 86-111
  • Greer, A.E., Arnold, C. & Arnold, E.N. 2000. The systematic significance of the number of presacral vertebrae in the scincid lizard genus Mabuya. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 121-126 - get paper here
  • Herrmann, R.; Siegel, A.; Barts, M. 2003. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Kapverden-Insel Boavista. Sauria 25 (2): 17-21 (Erratum in 25 [3]: 20) - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Köhler, G.; Hertz, A.; Sunyer, J.; Seipp, R. & Monteiro, A. 2007. Herpetologische Forschungen auf den Kapverden unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Kapverdischen Riesenskinks, Macroscincus coctei. Elaphe 15 (4): 62-66
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293
  • Mertens, R. 1955. Die Eidechsen der Kapverden. Soc. Sci. fenn. Comment. biol. 15: 1-16
  • Miralles, A.; Vasconcelos, R.; Perera, A.; Harris, D.J. & Carranza, S. 2010. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Cape Verdean skinks (Squamata, Scincidae). Zoologica Scripta 40: 16-44 [2011], DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00453.x - get paper here
 
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