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Chondrodactylus angulifer PETERS, 1870

IUCN Red List - Chondrodactylus angulifer - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesChondrodactylus angulifer namibensis HAACKE 1976
Chondrodactylus angulifer angulifer PETERS 1870 
Common NamesE: Common Giant Gecko, South African Ground Gecko, Namib sand gecko; namibensis: Namib Giant Gecko
G: Sandgecko
Chinese: 南非地面壁虎 
SynonymChondrodactylus angulifer PETERS 1870: 111
Chondrodactylus angulifer — BOULENGER 1885: 10
Chondrodactylus weiri BOULENGER 1887
Chondrodactylus angulifer — FITZSIMONS & BRAIN 1958
Chondrodactylus angulifer angulifer — AUERBACH 1987: 91
Chondrodactylus angulifer — KLUGE 1993
Chondrodactylus angulifer — RÖSLER 1995: 101
Chondrodactylus angulifer angulifer — BATES et al. 2014: 102

Chondrodactylus angulifer namibensis HAACKE 1976
Chondrodactylus angulifer namibensis — RÖSLER 2000: 62
Chondrodactylus angulifer namibensis — MASHININI & MAHLANGU 2013
Chondrodactylus angulifer namibensis — BATES et al. 2014: 103 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana

Type locality: Calviniadistrict, Oorlogsriver” [= Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa].

namibensis: Namibia; Type locality: Amichab (= Anigab) Mountain, Namib Park, central Namib Desert (±23°11’S, 15°30’E), about 1000 m elevation, South West Africa (now Namibia),  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 6750A (designated by BAUER & GÜNTHER 1991).
Holotype: DNMNH (= TM) 32632, adult male [namibensis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis of the genus: “Earlier diagnoses of Chondrodactylus, then incorporating only C. angulifer, emphasized the highly autapomorphic digital features of that species (FitzSimons 1943; Loveridge 1947; Haacke 1976) and do not serve to distinguish the additional constituent taxa recognized here from other members of the Pachydactylus Group. We here re-diagnose Chondrodactylus on the basis of the following suite of characteristics: body large, robust (adults > 80 mm SVL); dorsal surface of skull rugose or sculptured; digit I of manus and pes hyperphalangic, with or without phalangeal loss in digit IV of manus (phalangeal formulae - 3-3-4-5-3 or 3-3-4-4-3 manus and 3-3-4-5-4 pes), digits with or without subdigital scansors (if present 8-12 beneath digit IV of pes), lacking paraphalanges and interdigital webbing; precloacal pores lacking; tail weakly to moderately depressed; dorsal skin tuberculate, not fragile” (from BAUER & LAMB 2005). 
CommentType species: Chondrodactylus angulifer PETERS 1870 is the type species of the genus Chondrodactylus. 
  • Abraham, G. 1983. Pflege und Zucht verschiedener Bodengeckoarten unter gleichen Haltungsbedingungen. Sauria 5 (2): 5-11 - get paper here
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bartlett, R. D. 1986. Notes on the South Africa Terrestrial Gecko Chondrodactylus angulifer angulifer in Captivity. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (32): 17-18 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. 2005. Chondrodactylus angulifer PETERS 1870. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (55): 51-54 - get paper here
  • Barts, M. & Hulbert, F. 2004. Die Geckos der Welt. Draco 5 (18): 4-17 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M. & Günther,R. 1991. An annotated type catalogue of the geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Zoological Museum , Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 67: 279-310
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. On a new gecko, of the genus Chondrodactylus, from the Kalahani Desert. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1887: 339-340 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • FitzSimons, V.F. 1943. The lizards of South Africa. Transvaal Museum Memoir No.1 (Pretoria), 528 pp.
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Giess, W. 1965. Chondrodactylus angulifer and Ptenopus garrulus from the Brandberg. Cimbebasia 12: 16-19
  • Haacke, W. D. 1976. The burrowing geckos of southern Africa, 4 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Annotated taxonomic account (cont.) E. Cenus Chondrodactylus Peters. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 30:53-70
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Klarsfeld, J.D. 2003. Ecology, Captive husbandry, and breding of Chondrodactylus angulifer, the Giant Ground Gecko. Reptilia (GB) (27): 31-37 - get paper here
  • Knoethig, Michael 1999. Distribution Range, Captive Care and Breeding of Chondrodactylus angulifer. Gekko 1 (1): 2-9
  • Loveridge, A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Mashinini, P. L. and Mahlangu, L. M. 2013. An annotated catalogue of the types of gekkonid lizards (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Herpetology collection of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, South Africa. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 165-181
  • Miller, M.J. 1982. The south African Ground Gecko, Chondrodactylus angulifer angulifer, PETERS, 1870. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 17 (2): 46-50 - get paper here
  • Naumburg, M. & Barts, M. 2007. Ungewöhnlich kurze Inkubationsdauer bei Chondrodactylus angulifer PETERS 1870. Sauria 29 (1): 14 - get paper here
  • Peters, W. C. H. 1871. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der herpetologische Fauna von Südafrika. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Berlin 1870: 110-115. - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 1971. Lizard species density in the Kalahari Desert. Ecology 52 (6): 1024-1029 - get paper here
  • Reams, Richard 1998. The Namib sand gecko (Chondrodactylus angulifer). Reptiles 6 (3): 78-83
  • Röll, B. 2001. Mikrostrukturen der Eischalen von Geckos (Sauria: Gekkonoidea). Gekkota 3: 74-98
  • Rösler, H. 1983. Vergleichende Studien zum Warn- und Drohverhalten bodenbewohnender Geckonen am Beipsiel von Chondrodactylus angulifer angulifer PETERS 1870, unter besonderer Berücksichtigugn der Kommunikationssysteme der Gekkonidae (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 19 (4): 211-227 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Walbers, Dirk 1997. Chondrodactylus angulifer namibensis. Terra 33 (4): 115
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