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Clelia plumbea (WIED-NEUWIED, 1820)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymColuber plumbea WIED-NEUWIED 1820
Brachyruton plumbeum — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1004
Oxyrhopus plumbeus — GÜNTHER 1858: 189
Oxyrhopus plumbeus — BOULENGER 1886: 437
Oxyrhopus plumbeus — GARMAN 1887: 285
Clelia plumbea — ZAHER 1996
Clelia plumbea — PIZZATTO 2005
Clelia plumbea — WALLACH et al. 2014: 170 
DistributionBrazil (Amazon through cerrados of C Brazil through C Brazil and São Paulo, to Mato Grosso do Sul, Rondonia, Atlantic rainforest of NE, SE, and S Brazil, Bahia),
Paraguay

Type locality: São João, north of Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 3481 
CommentDiagnosis: Adult C. plumbea differ from Boiruna in having dark pigmentation only on the outer lateral tips of the ventral scales; Boiruna has posterior ventrals that are completely covered with dark pigmentation. They may be distinguished from C. clelia by the higher number of ventrals (Appendix 4, Fig. 4) and by the straight line (dentate in C. clelia) on the tips of the ventrals demarking the change between the dark dorsal color and the ivory venter (Fig. 1; Giraudo, 2002). The smallest species (C. bicolor, C. quimi) also have fewer ventrals. Ventral counts for the intermediate-sized form, C. rustica, overlap slightly with counts for C. plumbea (Appendix 4, Fig. 4). Clelia plumbea tends to have a smaller loreal than the other species (Fig. 2B); it was the only species that occasionally lacked a loreal when it was fused with either the posterior nasal or the prefrontal (Appendix 3). In all but one specimen, the loreal was absent or only contacted the second supralabial; in one specimen, the loreal touched supralabials 2 and 3 on both sides of the head. In B. maculata and C. rustica, about half of the loreals contacted one scale and half touched two supralabials; in the rest of the species the loreal always had a joint suture with two or even three supralabials. Hatchling C. plumbea are colored like C. clelia, with a red body, white venter and nape band, and a black dorsal head and neck spot (photograph in Giraudo, 2002; Fig. 10). Ontogentic color changes proceed as in C. clelia. They lack the dark dorsal stripe of B. maculata and C. bicolor, and are not uniformly colored like hatchling C. rustica. 
References
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cruz Centeno, Fernanda da; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya & Otavio Augusto Vuolo Marques 2008. Snake assemblage of Ilha de São Sebastião, southeastern Brazil: comparison to mainland. Biota Neotrop. 8(3): 63-68 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and <br />Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Mesquita, Daniel Oliveira and Guarino Rinaldi Colli 2006. A CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FROM AMAZONIAN SAVANNAS IN BRAZIL, HOUSED IN THE COLEÇÃO HERPETOLÓGICA DA UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASÍLIA, WITH NEW DISTRIBUTION RECORDS. Occ. Pap. Oklahoma Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. Oklahoma 17: 1-13
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Müller, P. 1974. Clelia clelia plumbea von der Insel Florianopolis (Santa Catarina, Brasilien) (Serpentes, Colubridae) Salamandra 10 (1): 43 - get paper here
  • Oliveira Lula Salles, R. de & Silva-Soares, T. 2010. Répteis do município de Duque de Caxias, Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste do Brasil. Biotemas, 23 (2): 135-144
  • Pizzatto, L. 2005. Body size, reproductive biology and abundance of the rare pseudoboini snakes genera Clelia and Boiruna (Serpentes, Colubridae). Phyllomedusa 4 (2): 111-122 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Scott, N.J.; Giraudo, A.R.; Scrocchi, G.; Aquino, A.L.; Cacciali, P. & Motte, M. 2006. The genera Boiruna and Clelia (Serpentes: Pseudoboini) in Paraguay and Argentina. Pap. Avuls. Zool. 46 (9): 77-105 - get paper here
  • Souza Filho, Gilberto Alves de; Fernanda Stender de Oliveira 2015. Squamate reptiles from Mauá Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Check List 11 (6): 1800 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wied-Neuwied, M. Prinz zu 1820. Reise nach Brasilien in den Jahren 1815 bis 1817. Vol. 1. Heinrich Ludwig Bronner, Frankfurt. - get paper here
  • Zaher, H. 1996. A new genus and species of pseudoboine snake, with a revision of the genus Clelia (Serpentes, Xenodontinae). Boll. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino 14: 289-337.
 
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