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Cnemaspis anamudiensis CYRIAC, JOHNY, UMESH & PALOT, 2018

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis anamudiensis CYRIAC, JOHNY, UMESH & PALOT 2018 
DistributionIndia (Kerala: Pettimudi, Anamudi Reserve Forest in the Munnar Forest Division of Idukki District; elevation 1860 – 1900 m)

Type locality: Anamudi Reserve Forest (10.16675°N, 076. 99791°E), near Pettimudi in Munnar, Idukki District, Kerala.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZSI/WGRC/IR.V/2706, an adult male of SVL 58.2 mm; collected on 04 September 2013 by Vivek Philip Cyriac. Paratypes: ZSI/WGRC/IR.V/2707, a sub-adult individual of SVL 42.1mm; collected from rock crevice near a stream at the same locality as holotype on 04 September 2013 by Vivek Philip Cyriac. ZSI/WGRC/IR.V/2708, an adult female of SVL 49.1 mm; collected from rock crevice of a boulder at the same locality as holotype on 04 September 2013 by Vivek Philip Cyriac. ZSI/WGRC/IR.V/2709, a juvenile of SVL 29.9 mm; collected from rock crevice near a stream at the same locality as holotype on 04 September 2013 by Vivek Philip Cyriac. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large sized, robust Cnemaspis with a maximum snout-vent length 58.2 mm (n = 4); mid-dorsal scales heterogeneous with small granular scales intermixed with few large, irregularly arranged tubercles; spine- like tubercles absent on flanks; ventral scales of neck and abdominal smooth, sub-imbricate; supralabials to angle of jaw 7–8; infralabials 7; subdigital lamellae under manus IV 19–21, under pes IV 20–22; tail base slightly swollen with a single postcloacal spurs on each side; dorsal scales of tail smooth, without whorls of enlarge tubercles; subcaudals enlarged, smooth with regularly arranged scales; male with 2 precloacal pores, femoral pores absent. Dorsum dark brown with an interrupted orange/ochre vertebral line; forelimbs and hind limbs speckled with brick red spots; throat and abdomen black in colour.

Cnemaspis anamudiensis sp. nov. differs from all other Indian congeners by the following characters: absence of spine-like tubercles on flanks (versus spine-like tubercles present on flanks in C. assamensis, C. gracilis, C. goaensis, C. littoralis, C. mysoriensis, C. indraneildasii, C. jerdonii, C. otai, C. wicksii, C. andersonii, C. monticola, C. nilagirica and C. flaviventrali); presence of only two precloacal pores and absence of femoral pores (versus presence of only femoral pores in C. wynadensis, C. sisparensis, C. anaikattiensis, C. heteropholis, C. littoralis, C. indica, C. jerdonii, C. girii, C. kotiyoorensis and C. flaviventralis; presence of both femoral and precloacal pores in C. gracilis, C. goaensis, C. mysoriensis, C. indraneildasii, C. otai, C. yercaudensis, C. wicksii, C. andersonii, C. australis and C. adii; presence of a continuous series of 24–28 precloacal-femoral pores in C. kolhapurensis; absence of both femoral and precloacal pores in C. assamensis and C. boiei; presence of 6–10 precloacal pores in C. beddomei, C. ornata, C. nairi and C. maculicollis sp. nov.); tail without whorls of enlarged caudal tubercles and a postcloacal spur on either side of the base of the tail (versus tail with whorls of enlarged or flattened caudal tubercles in C. gracilis, C. goaensis, C. littoralis, C. mysoriensis, C. indraneildasii, C. jerdonii, C. otai, C. yercaudensis, C. monticola, C. australis and C. nilagirica; without postcloacal spur in C. wynadensis, C. kottiyoorensis, C. sisparensis and C. heteropholis); dorsal scales heterogeneous with small granular scales intermixed with irregularly arranged enlarged, keeled, conical tubercles (versus dorsal scales homogenous in C. boiei, C. indica, C. jerdonii, C. littoralis, C. nilagirica, C. wynadensis, C. sisparensis, C. kolhapurensis and C. adii). 
CommentHabitat: crevices of rock boulder in an evergreen forest in Anamudi Reserve Forest. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is named after the Anamudi reserve forest in Munnar of Idukki District of Kerala, the type and only known locality for this species. 
References
  • CYRIAC, VIVEK PHILIP; ALEX JOHNY, P. K. UMESH, MUHAMED JAFER PALOT 2018. Description of two new species of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Western Ghats of Kerala, India. Zootaxa 4459 (1): 085–100 - get paper here
 
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