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Cnemaspis anandani MURTHY, NITESH, SENGUPTA & DEEPAK, 2019

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Anandan’s Day Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis anandani MURTHY, NITESH, SENGUPTA & DEEPAK 2019 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: Horasholai (N 11.416; E 76.82 elevation 1,990 mtrs.) from the culvert passage below the road, which is close to a tea estate. The locality is about 6.2 kms from Kothagiri village, Nilgiri district, Tamil Nadu of the Western Ghats region.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZSI/WGRC/2958 (adult male) collected during evening hours (16.09 hrs.), specimen collected by Nitesh. A, B. H. Channakeshava Murthy and R. Venkitesan on 24th July 2017 (Figure 1A-E; Figure 2 A & B; Figure 7 in Murthy et al. 2019).
Paratypes: ZSI/WGRC/2959 (female), 2960 (male), 2961 (female), 2962 (female), 2963 (male), 2964 (female), 2965 (male) & 2966 (male), a total of 8 numbers, collection data same as holotype (Figure 3), specimens collected by Nitesh. A, B.H. Channakeshava Murthy and R. Venkitesan on 24th July 2017. 
DiagnosisSpecies Diagnosis: A medium sized Cnemaspis with a maximum snout-vent length 41.2 mm; dorsal scales heterogeneous, entire dorsals keeled, scales are variable in size, interspersed with few large scales, irregularly arranged tubercles; two rows of enlarged 7-8 conical tubercles present on flanks; 3-4 small tubercles on the lateral side of the neck region; ventrals smooth with 16-18 mid body scales, imbricate; supra-labials to angle of jaw 7-8; infra-labials 7-8; sub-digital lamellae under manus IV 14-15; under pes IV 16-17; tail base slightly swollen, sub cylindrical, bulbous with a single post-cloacal spurs on each side; dorsal scales of tail is rough, keeled with two small, two enlarged tubercles on each side, weak whorls; sub-caudals smooth, enlarged, hexagonal, regularly arranged scales; male with 5-6 femoral pores, separated by 19–20 unpored femoro-precloacal scales; preanal pores absent.

Comparisons: Cnemaspis anandani sp. nov. differs from all other Indian congeners by the following set of characters: Presence of heterogeneous pholidosis (versus homogeneous pholidosis bearing species C. boiei, C. indica, C. jerdoni, C. littoralis, C. wynadensis, C. nilgirica, C. sisparensis, C. kolhapurensis and C. adii). Presence of enlarged conical or spine-like tubercles on flanks (versus spine-like tubercles absent in C. beddomei, C. nairi, C. adii, C. otai, C. sisparensis, C. wynadensis, C. anaikattiensis, C. indica, C. yercaudensis, C. girii, C. australis, C. limayei, C. ajijae, C. mahabali and C. agarwalii). Presence of 5 femoral pores and absence of precloacal pores (versus absence of femoral pores in C. assamensis, C. boiei, C. indraneildasii, C. monticola, C. anamudiensis, C. maculicollis, C. nairi, C. ornata, C. beddomei and presence of only preanal pores in C. anamudiensis, C. maculicollis, C. nairi, C. ornata, C. beddomei, and presence of both femoral pores and preanal pores in C. wicksii, C. andersonii, C. adii, C. mysoriensis, C. otai, C. agarwalii, C. yercaudensis, C. amboliensis, C. goaensis, C. gracilis) Presence of 8-9, enlarged conical tubercles on the flank (versus presence of 5 spinal tubercles on the flank in C. monticola). Presence of smooth ventrals (versus presence of completely keeled ventral scales in C. nilagirica). Presence of 5 to 6 femoral pores on each side (versus absence of both femoral pores and precloacal pores in C. boiei and C. assamensis). Presence of 5 to 6 femoral pores on each side (versus presence of continuous series of 24-28 precloacal-femoral pores in C. kolhapurensis). Presence of 8-9, enlarged conical tubercles on the flank (versus presence of 5 spinal tubercles on the flank in C. monticola). Presence of 17-18 ventral scales and first supra labial in contact nasal scale (versus 22-24 ventral scales and first supra labial is not in contact nasal scale in C. heteropholis). Presence of 16-18 ventral scales, 16-17 lamellae on 4th pes and 5 femoral pores on each side (versus presence of 28-29 ventral scales, 10-12 lamellae under 4th pes and 3 femoral pores on each side in C. flaviventralis). Presence of 16-18 ventral scales, 16-17 lamellae under 4th pes (versus presence of 20 ventral scales, 12 lamellae under 4th pes in C. indraneildasii). See also Table 2 in Murthy et al. 2019. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a patronym, named after Anandan Sethuraman an reputed Wildlife Conservationist, by honoring his contribution towards protection of Wildlife in the Niligiri district, Tamil Nadu, India. 
References
  • Murthy, B. H. Channakeshava; A. Nitesh, Shruti Sengupta & P. Deepak 2019. A New Species of Day Gecko of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata : Gekkonidae) from the Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu, India. Rec. Zool Surv. India 119 (3) - get paper here
 
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