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Cnemaspis australis MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA, 2007

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis australis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis australis MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2007 
DistributionSW India (Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: “Tinnevelly” (= Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu State, south-western India), Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 82.5.22.67 (male), 30.4 mm SVL; purchased from Col. Beddome (formerly a syntype of Cnemaspis tropidogaster). 
CommentDiagnosis Cnemaspis australis differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 30.4 mm; paired postmentals separated by 1 or 2 small scales; each postmental bounded by 3 scales including medial scale; dorsal scales heterogeneous with smooth and carinate scales; spine-like tubercles absent on flank; ventrals weakly keeled; 3 preanal and 4 or 5 femoral pores on each side; tail with enlarged conical scales forming whorls; subcaudals keeled, 2 smaller scales between single larger ones in median series; supralabials to angle of jaws, 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 15 [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007]. 
EtymologyThe species name ‘australis’ is Latin for ‘southern’; an allusion to the type locality being very nearly at the southernmost tip of the Indian peninsula. 
References
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Cnemaspis&species=australis

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