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Cnemaspis monticola MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA, 2007

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis monticola - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis monticola MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2007 
DistributionIndia (Kerala)

Type locality: “Wynaad” (Kerala State, south-western India),  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 74.4.29.372 (female), 26.0 mm SVL, purchased from Colonel Beddome (formerly a syntype of C. tropidogaster). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis monticola is distinguished from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters: maximum SVL 33.1 mm; paired postmentals separated by a small scale; each postmental bounded by 3 scales including medial scale; dorsal scales heterogeneous; 5 spine-like tubercles present on flank; gulars carinate, other ventrals smooth, rounded, ventral surface of thigh smooth; preanal and femoral pores absent in females; subcaudals enlarged, intermixed with smooth, carinate scales; supralabials to angle of jaws, 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 18 [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007]. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe species name, ‘monticola’, is Latin for ‘inhabitant of the mountains’, an allusion to the type locality, the Wynaad Hills of Kerala State, India. 
References
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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