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Cnemaspis nilagirica MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA, 2007

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis nilagirica - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesNilgiri Day Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis nilagirica MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, BATUWITA & PETHIYAGODA 2007 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)

Type locality: “Nilgiries” (Nilgiri District, Tamil Nadu State, south-western India) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 74.4.29.729 (female), 42.3 mm SVL, purchased from Colonel Beddome (formerly a syntype of C. tropidogaster). 
CommentDiagnosis Cnemaspis nilagirica differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL at least 42.3 mm; paired postmentals separated by a small scale; each postmental bounded by 2 scales; dorsal scales homogeneous; spine-like tubercles present on flanks; ventrals smooth; no preanal and femoral pores in female holotype; tail with enlarged pointed scales forming whorls; subcaudals enlarged, smooth; supralabials to angle of jaw, 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV, 16 [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007]. 
EtymologyThe species epithet ‘nilagirica’ is a Latinized compound noun derived from the Sanskrit roots for the type locality, the Nilgiris [Blue Mountains] of southern India (nil = blue, giri = mountains), applied here as a noun in apposition. 
References
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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