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Cnemaspis ornata (BEDDOME, 1870)

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis ornata - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesOrnate Day Gecko, Ornate Dwarf Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus ornatus BEDDOME 1870: 32
Gonatodes ornatus — BOULENGER 1885: 66
Gonatodes ornatus — ANNANDALE 1909: 253
Cnemaspis ornata – SMITH 1935: 70
Cnemaspis ornata – WERMUTH 1965: 15
Cnemaspis ornata — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) ornata — RÖSLER 2000: 63
Cnemaspis ornata — MURTHY 2010: 92 
DistributionS India (Tinnevelly and Anaimalai Hills, Malabar, Travancore, Kerala, Tamil Nadu).

Type locality: South Tinnevelly Hills. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH; Lectotype (designated by MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007). BMNH 74.4.29.400 (male), 42.0 mm SVL, “South Tinnevelly Hills” (Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu State, India). 
CommentDiagnosis Cnemaspis ornata differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 42.0 mm; paired postmentals widely separated by a medial scale; each postmental bounded by 3 or 4 scales including medial scale; ventrals, 161; dorsal scales heterogeneous with enlarged tubercles; spine-like tubercles absent on flank; ventrals smooth, subimbricate; 6–8 preanal pores; no femoral pores; subcaudals smooth, median series with individual large, divided scales alternating with pairs of smaller undivided ones; supralabials to angle of jaws, 7–9; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 30 [from MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007]. 
References
  • Annandale, N. 1909. Report on a small collection of lizards from Travancore. Records of the Indian Museum 3: 253-257 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R.H. 1870. Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 1: 30-35
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Inger R F; Marx H; Koshy M 1984. An undescribed species of gekkonid lizard (Cnemaspis) from India with comments on the status of C. tropidogaster. Herpetologica 40 (2): 149-154 - get paper here
  • Inger, Robert F.;Shaffer, H. Bradley;Koshy, Mammen;Bakde, Ramesh 1984. A report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from the Ponmudi, Kerala, South India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81 (3): 551-570 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H. 1965. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae. Das Tierreich (80): 1—246
 
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