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Cnemaspis scalpensis (FERGUSON, 1877)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesFerguson’s Day Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus scalpensis FERGUSON 1877: 13
Cnemaspis jerdoni scalpensis — DERANIYAGALA 1953: 39
Cnemaspis jerdoni scalpensis — WERMUTH 1965: 14
Cnemaspis jerdoni scalpensis — DE SILVA et al. 2000
Cnemaspis jerdoni scalpensis — RATHNAYAKE 2004
Cnemaspis ranwellai MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE 2006
DistributionSri Lanka (hills around Kandy)

Type locality: mountains of Ceylon (fide Wermuth 1965); type locality of neotype: Agarapatana, Hatton, Sri Lanka, (N 06° 50’ 58.1” E 080° 40’ 35.0”, elevation 1524m).

ranwellai: Sri Lanka; Type locality: Gannoruwa (Gonnaruwa?), Kandy, Sri Lanka, ( N 07° 16’ 56.7” E 080° 35’ 54.0”, elevation 576 m). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesNeotype. NMSL 20061101, Adult male, 33.48 mm SVL, 17.09.2006, collected by L . J. Mendis Wickramasinghe and D. A. I. Munindradasa.
Holotype: NMSL2004.1.1 (Adult male), 27.12.2003, collected by L . J. Mendis Wickramasinghe [ranwellai] 
CommentGroup: The C. scalpensis group (3 species: Cnemaspis scalpensis, C. gemunu and C. phillipsi), is characterized by femoral pores present while precloacal pores are absent, mid subcaudal scales extremely large, and smooth abdominal scales (Wickramasinghe et al. 2016).

Synonymy: C. ranwellai is a synonym of C. scalpensis fide MANAMENDRA-ARCHCHI et al. 2007.

Original description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009. 
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T., A. M. Bauer, I. Ineich, J. Rudge, M. M. Bahir & D. E. Gabadage 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan gekkonid lizards (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (2): 83-106 - get paper here
  • Deraniyagala, P.E.P. 1953. A coloured atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon. Vol. 2. Tetrapod Reptilia. Govt. Press, Colombo, 101 pp.
  • Ferguson, W. 1877. Reptile fauna of Ceylon. Letter on a collection sent to the Colombo Museum. Herbert, Ceylon
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Rathnayake, Nimal D. 2004. The Sri Lankan Day-Geckos of the Genus Cnemaspis. Gekko 4 (1): 39-44
  • Silva, Anslem de; Molur, Sanjay; Walker, Sally (eds.) 2000. Conservation assessment and management plan. Camp Report for amphibians and selected taxa of reptiles of Sri Lanka. Conservation breedings specialist group, Sri Lanka, 220 pp. - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • VIDANAPATHIRANA, DULAN RANGA; M. D. GEHAN RAJEEV, NETHU WICKRAMASINGHE, SAMANTHA SURANJAN FERNANDO & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE 2014. Cnemaspis rammalensis sp. nov., Sri Lanka’s largest day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Rammalakanda Man and Biosphere Reserve in southern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3755 (3): 273–286
  • Wermuth, H. 1965. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Gekkonidae, Pygopodidae, Xantusiidae. Das Tierreich (80): 1—246
  • WICKRAMASINGHE, L. J. MENDIS; DULAN RANGA VIDANAPATHIRANA, R. M. GAYAN PRIYANKARA RATHNAYAKE 2016. Cnemaspis rajakarunai sp. nov., a rock dwelling day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Salgala, an unprotected lowland rainforest in Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 4168 (1): 092–108
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. MENDIS; & D. A. I. MUNINDRADASA 2007. Review of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Sri Lanka with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1490: 1-63 - get paper here
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J.M. 2006. A new species of Cnemaspis (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1369: 19-33 - get paper here
  • Wickramasinghe, Mendis & Ruchira Somaweera 2002. Distribution and Current Status of the Endemic Geckos of Sri Lanka. Gekko 3 (1): 2-13
  • Ziesmann, S.; Janzen, P. & Klaas, P. 2007. Die Vielfalt der Geckos [Sri Lankas]. Draco 7 (30): 38-44 - get paper here
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