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Cnemaspis selamatkanmerapoh GRISMER, WOOD, MOHAMED, CHAN, HEINZ, SUMARLI, CHAN & LOREDO, 2013

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Merapoh Rock Gecko
Malay: Cicak Batu Merapoh 
SynonymCnemaspis selamatkanmerapoh GRISMER, WOOD, MOHAMED, CHAN, HEINZ, SUMARLI, CHAN & LOREDO 2013
Cnemaspis selamatkanmerapoh — GRISMER et al. 2014: 90 
DistributionPeninsular Malaysia (Pahang)

Type locality: Gua Gunting, Merapoh, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia (4°42.069 N 101°58.512 E; at 257 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: LSUHC 11016, adult male, collected on 23 June 2013 by L. Lee Grismer at 2200 hrs at 23 m. Paratype. Adult female (LSUHC 11015) bears the same data as the holotype except it was collected at 1500 hrs 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis selamatkanmerapoh sp. nov. differs from all other Southeast Asian species of Cnemaspis in having the unique combination of adult males reaching at least 37.6 mm SVL, adult females reaching 43.4 mm SVL; 10 supralabials; nine or 10 infralabials; keeled ventrals; at least one, round precloacal pore in males; moderately prominent dorsal tubercles; 30 paravertebral tubercles; dorsal body tubercles semi-randomly arranged; tuberculation weak on flanks; caudal tubercles not encircling tail; lateral caudal tubercles not within lateral caudal furrows; ventrolateral caudal tubercles absent; subcaudals keeled; no enlarged, median subcaudal scale row; three postcloacal tubercles; no enlarged femoral, subtibial, or submetatarsal scales; subtibials keeled; 31–33 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; no ocelli in shoulder region; no distinct, yellow bars on flanks; and no yellow, postscapular band. These differences are summarized across all Southeast Asian species in Wood et al. (2013:Table 2). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet selamatkanmerapoh is a combination of the Malay word selamatkan which is analogous to the English transitive verb “save” (as in to protect) and Merapoh which is the region wherein the type locality occurs. This name is in reference to the fact that karst formations of Gua Gunting and Gua Goyang have been determined to possess high quality limestone and are slated to be quarried. It also echoes the campaigning slogan “Save Merapoh Caves” that is being used by the Malaysian Nature Society and other local agencies that are fighting to conserve the karst formations in this region. 
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; P. L. WOOD, JR., EVAN S. H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, EHWAN NGADI & NORHAYATI AHMAD 2015. A new insular species of Rock Gecko (Cnemaspis Boulenger) from Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3985 (2): 203–218 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; P. L. WOOD, JR., SHAHRUL ANUAR, H. R. DAVIS, A. J. COBOS & M. L. MURDOCH 2016. A new species of karst forest Bent-toed Gecko (genus Cyrtodactylus Gray) not yet threatened by foreign cement companies and a summary of Peninsular Malaysia’s endemic karst forest herpetofauna and the need for its conservation. Zootaxa 4061 (1): 001–017 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; PERRY JR L. WOOD, SHAHRUL ANUAR, AWAL RIYANTO, NORHAYATI AHMAD, MOHD A. MUIN, MONTRI SUMONTHA, JESSE L. GRISMER, CHAN KIN ONN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, OLIVIER S. A. PAUWELS 2014. Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian Rock Geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with descriptions of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Zootaxa 3880 (1): 001–147 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; PERRY L. WOOD JR., MAKETAB MOHAMED, KIN ONN CHAN, HEATHER M. HEINZ, ALEX S-I. SUMARLI, JACOB A. CHAN, ARIEL I. LOREDO 2013. A new species of karst-adapted Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from a threatened karst region in Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3746 (3): 463–472 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Nguyen, H.N., Hung, C., Yang, M. et al. 2020. Sympatric competitors have driven the evolution of temporal activity patterns in Cnemaspis geckos in Southeast Asia. Sci Rep 10: 27 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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