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Cnemaspis sisparensis (THEOBALD, 1876)

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis sisparensis - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSispara Day Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus maculatus BEDDOME 1870 (non G. maculatus STEINDACHNER 1867)
Gymnodactylus sisparensis THEOBALD 1876: 86 (nomen novum)
Gonatodes sisparensis – BOULENGER 1885: 66
Gonatodes bireticulatus ANNANDALE 1915: 344
Cnemaspis sisparensis — SMITH 1935: 69
Cnemaspis sisparensis — WERMUTH 1965: 17
Cnemaspis sisparensis — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) sisparensis — RÖSLER 2000: 63 
DistributionIndia (Nilghiri Hills, Kerala)

Type locality: Sholakal, near the bottom of the Sispara Ghat, Nilghiri Hills (fide WERMUTH 1965).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 74.4.29.383, ZSI 17970 
CommentDiagnosis Cnemaspis sisparensis differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 42.7 mm; paired postmentals widely separated by two medial scales; each postmental bounded by 4 scales including medial scale; dorsal scales homogeneous, isolated and scattered; spine-like tubercles absent on flank; ventrals smooth, imbricate; supralabials to angle of jaws 7 or 8; no preanal pores, 7 or 8 femoral pores; subcaudals smooth; those on median series enlarged, with individual large scales alternating between pairs of smaller ones [ 
References
  • Annandale, N. 1915. Herpetological notes and descriptions. Records of the Indian Museum 11: 341-347 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R. H. 1870. Descriptions of new reptiles from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci., 2: 169-176 [Reprint.: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 327-334, 1940]
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Theobald,W. 1876. Descriptive catalogue of the reptiles of British India. Thacker, Spink & Co., Calcutta: xiii + 238 pp. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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