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Cnemidophorus leucopsammus UGUETO & HARVEY, 2010

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Teiinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCnemidophorus leucopsammus UGUETO & HARVEY 2010
Cnemidophorus nigricolor — MEEK 1910: 417 (in part)
Cnemidophorus nigricolor — WRIGHT 1993: 79.
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus nigricolor — BURT 1931: 40 (in part)
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus nigricolor — HUMMELINCK 1940: 83
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus nigricolor — LAMMERÉE 1970: 54
Cnemidophorus lemniscatus nigricolor — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 94
Cnemidophorus leucopsammus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionVenezuela (Isla La Blanquilla)

Type locality: Playa La Falucha, Isla La Blanquilla (11° 49’ N, 64° 36’ W), Dependencias Federales, Venezuela.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 133533, adult male, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, collected in 1978 by George C. Gorman. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A species of the C. lemniscatus species complex distinguished from all conge- ners by the following combination of charac- ters: (1) maximum SVL in males 92 mm; (2) nostril slightly anterior to nasal suture; (3) rostral scale bluntly rounded; (4) frontonasal hexagonal or octagonal, forming somewhat semicircular or slightly angular sutures with nasals; (5) first supraciliary in contact or separated from prefrontal; (6) scales of circumorbital semicircles 4–6 (total of both sides) in contact with supraoculars, extending to anterior portion of fourth or suture between fourth and third supraocular; (7) 25–28 (total of both sides) scales in a single row between supraoculars and supraciliaries; (8) mesoptychials slightly enlarged; (9) ven- trals in 8 longitudinal and 33–35 transverse rows; (10) bisexual (gonochoristic); (11) brachials moderately enlarged and decreasing in size towards shoulder; (12) males with one anal spur at each side; spur moderately to distinctly elongate, extending close to body; (13) 1–2 small scales between anal spur and preanal shield; (14) subcaudals near base of tail smooth; (15) vertebral and paravertebral stripes absent; (16) adult males black with or without a few pale spots on inguinal region; (17) females in life brown dorsally with dark dorsolateral fields and grayish flanks with small whitish spots; (18) juvenile color pattern unknown [from UGUETO & HARVEY 2010]. 
Comment 
EtymologyEtymology.—The specific epithet leucop- sammus is a noun in apposition derived from the Greek nouns ‘‘leucos’’ meaning white and ‘‘psammos’’ meaning sand. The new name refers to the white sands of the beaches of Isla La Blanquilla for which the island got its Spanish name. 
References
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Ugueto, Gabriel N. and Michael B. Harvey 2010. Southern Caribbean Cnemidophorus (Squamata: Teiidae): Description of New Species and Taxonomic Status of C. murinus ruthveni Burt. Herpetological Monographs 24 (1): 111-148 - get paper here
 
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